2 Earliest forms of Mummification The earliest ancient Egyptians buried their dead in small pits in the desert. The heat and dryness of the sand dehydrated the bodies quickly, creating lifelike and natural 'mummies'.
3 Why Did the Egyptians Mummify the Dead…? Ancient Egyptians believed that when someone died, their soul left their body and began their journey into the Underworld Once there, you stood before Osiris, Lord of the Underworld, to be judge If Osiris judged you to be a good person, your soul would reunite with the body after it was buried. To do this, the soul needed to find and recognize the body in order to live forever
4 Later, ancient Egyptians began to bury the dead in coffins to protect from wild animals in the desert. However, they soon realized that those bodies would decay if they were not exposed to the dry, hot sand of the desert.Over many centuries, the ancient Egyptians developed a method of preserving bodies so they would remain lifelike.
5 Two ProcessesThere are two processes involved when mummifying the deadEmbalmingWrapping
6 The Embalming ProcessFirst, the body is taken to the tent known as 'ibu' or the 'place of purification’.The embalmer wash his body with good smelling palm wine and rinse it with water from the Nile.
7 Removal of the Brain The brain is removed by using a long hook The hook is pushed up into the brain through the roof of the nose and then moved back and fourth to break down the brain The body is turned over and the brain flows into a bowl
9 Removal of Vital OrganThe liver, lungs, stomach and intestines are washed and packed in natron which will dry them outThe heart is not taken out of the body because it is the centre of intelligence and feeling and the man will need it in the afterlife
11 After 40 days, the body is washed again with water from the Nile After 40 days, the body is washed again with water from the Nile. Then it is covered with oils to help the skin stay elastic.
12 The dehydrated internal organs are wrapped in linen and returned to the body The body is stuffed with dry materials such as sawdust, leaves and linen so that it looks lifelike.Finally, the body is covered again with good smelling oils It is ready to be wrapped in linen
20 More linen strips are added to the body along with risen to help glue the strips A cloth is wrapped around the body and a picture of the god Osiris is painted on its surface
21 Finally, a large cloth is wrapped around the entire mummy and attached with strips of linen that run from the top to the bottom of the mummyA board of painted wood is placed on top of the mummy before the mummy is lowered into its coffin. The first coffin is then put inside a second coffin