Presentation on theme: "THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN (The Boy King). THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN History: –New Kingdom Pharaoh –18 th Dynasty –Became king at age 9 –Died at."— Presentation transcript:
THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN (The Boy King)
THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN History: –New Kingdom Pharaoh –18 th Dynasty –Became king at age 9 –Died at age 18. –Only intact burial of an Egyptian Pharaoh –Tomb Location: Valley of The Kings
THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN Discovery of Tomb: –Howard Carter: British Archaeologist –Spent 7 years looking for tomb in Valley. –By trade an artist. Got his start working on digs as an artist.
The Tomb Of King Tutankhamun Howard Carter: Previous work: –1893: Deir el Bahari: Temple of Hatshepsut –1900: Chief Inspector of Antiquities for Egypt –1905: Began work for Lord Carnarvon – : Tut’s tomb.
The Tomb Of King Tutankhamun Lord Carnarvon –Wealthy private collector –Financed archaeological digs –Valuable collection of Egyptian Artifacts –He financed Carter’s digs. Beginning in 1905.
THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN Valley of the Kings: –Location: Upper Egypt –Burial spot for New Kingdom Pharaohs. –Two areas: East Valley and West Valley –Most tombs in East Valley –Thutmose III, one of earliest tombs in Valley. –Tut’s tomb is adjacent to Rameses VI tomb
THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN Valley of the Kings: Tut’s burial: KV62 Barren region Stop tomb robbers?
THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN The Tomb: –Small –Probably for someone of lesser rank –4 rooms and a passageway –4 doorways –Staircase leads to passageway
THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN The Tomb: –The rooms: Antechamber Annex Burial Chamber Treasury
THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN Burial Chamber: The only part of the tomb with wall paintings. One depicts: Opening of Mouth Ceremony Senses are restored to Tut. Performed by Ay, his successor
THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN Ay Tut Tut in burial garments OPENING of the MOUTH CEREMONY
TUTS TOMB Burial Chamber: –Only room in the entire structure that is decorated. –Back wall painting
TUTS TOMB Pictures Burial Chamber
THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN Burial Chamber: –4 gilded shrines inside one another. –Stone sarcophagus: inside were 3 coffins Innermost coffin: solid gold Inside this coffin was Tut with golden mask.
TUTS TOMB Arrangement of Coffins: –(1)First Coffin It is made of Cypress wood overlaid with gold foil –(2)Second Coffin This coffin of finer workmanship than the preceding, was also made of wood covered in gold foil –(3)Third Coffin It is made of solid gold and weights kg. –(4)The Mummy It was decorated with near 150 amulets, jewels and the superb golden mask inlaid with wonderful glass
TUTS TOMB Outer Sarcophagus –Weight 1 ¼ tons
TUTS TOMB Burial Chamber: –Third Coffin: Solid gold, weighs 243 lbs and is 74 inches in length. This coffin contained the mummy of the young pharaoh, covered by the famous mask. It was placed within a second coffin, made of wood covered in gold foil, which in turn was set within the first, outermost, coffin, also made of wood covered in gold foil.
TUTS TOMB Burial Chamber –Third Coffin: Image of sun above coffin
TUTS TOMB Burial Chamber: –Burial Mask: Made of solid gold, placed directly upon the pharaoh's mummy. Function: protection. Weight: 24 lbs. On the forehead of the mask are a royal uraeus and a vulture's head: – symbols of the two deities of Lower and Upper Egypt: Wadjet and Nekhbet.
TUTS TOMB Burial Chamber –Gold/Wood Shrines Covered with thick gold foil, set on a wooden sledge 4 Shrines one inside the other
THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN Antechamber: –Contained: chariots, food, funeral couches, thrones, two black guardian figures. –This area was seen first by Carter.
TUTS TOMB Antechamber
TUTS TOMB Antechamber –Life sized statues: 2 stood guard by the sealed door to burial chamber –made of wood, painted with black resin and overlaid with gold in parts. –They depict the pharaoh
TUTS TOMB Antechamber –Golden Throne: Scene from back of throne Made of wood covered with sheet gold, and adorned with semiprecious stones and colored glass paste.
TUTS TOMB Antechamber –Rams Head –Head of Tut: On wood
TUTS TOMB ANNEX
TUTS TOMB ANNEX –Shabti Figures 413 shabtis was found In both annex and treasury About 12 in. in height
TUTS TOMB Treasury –Statuette of goddess Selkis Made of gilded wood one of the four protective deities of the outer canopy of the Canopic Shrine containing the viscera of the deceased pharaoh
TUTS TOMB Treasury –Canopic Shrine of Tutankhamen. The goddess Isis Within this a series of smaller shrines, of gilded wood and calcite. Within the Canopic chest itself were four gold coffinettes, with the viscera of the pharaoh. Close up of canopic jar lids
THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN The Treasury: Adjacent to burial chamber. Needs of afterlife: –Boats, gilded figures, canopic chest, protective figure of Anubis.
TUTS TOMB King Tut’s unwrapped Mummy: –5’ 4” tall –Died between age