2THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN History:New Kingdom Pharaoh18th DynastyBecame king at age 9Died at age 18.Only intact burial of an Egyptian PharaohTomb Location: Valley of The Kings
3THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN Discovery of Tomb:Howard Carter: British ArchaeologistSpent 7 years looking for tomb in Valley.By trade an artist.Got his start working on digs as an artist.
4The Tomb Of King Tutankhamun Howard Carter:Previous work:1893: Deir el Bahari: Temple of Hatshepsut1900: Chief Inspector of Antiquities for Egypt1905: Began work for Lord Carnarvon: Tut’s tomb.
5The Tomb Of King Tutankhamun Lord CarnarvonWealthy private collectorFinanced archaeological digsValuable collection of Egyptian ArtifactsHe financed Carter’s digs. Beginning in 1905.
6THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN Valley of the Kings:Location: Upper EgyptBurial spot for New Kingdom Pharaohs.Two areas: East Valley and West ValleyMost tombs in East ValleyThutmose III, one of earliest tombs in Valley.Tut’s tomb is adjacent to Rameses VI tomb
7THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN Valley of the Kings:Tut’s burial: KV62Barren regionStop tomb robbers?
8THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN SmallProbably for someone of lesser rank4 rooms and a passageway4 doorwaysStaircase leads to passageway
9THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN The rooms:AntechamberAnnexBurial ChamberTreasury
10THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN Burial Chamber:The only part of the tomb with wall paintings.One depicts: Opening of Mouth CeremonySenses are restored to Tut.Performed by Ay, his successor
11THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN OPENING of the MOUTH CEREMONYAyTutTut in burial garments
12TUTS TOMB Burial Chamber: Only room in the entire structure that is decorated.Back wall painting
14THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN Burial Chamber:4 gilded shrines inside one another.Stone sarcophagus: inside were 3 coffinsInnermost coffin: solid goldInside this coffin was Tut with golden mask.
15TUTS TOMB Arrangement of Coffins: (1)First Coffin It is made of Cypress wood overlaid with gold foil(2)Second CoffinThis coffin of finer workmanship than the preceding, was also made of wood covered in gold foil(3)Third CoffinIt is made of solid gold and weights kg.(4)The MummyIt was decorated with near 150 amulets, jewels and the superb golden mask inlaid with wonderful glass
17TUTS TOMB Burial Chamber: Third Coffin: Solid gold, weighs 243 lbs and is 74 inches in length. This coffin contained the mummy of the young pharaoh, covered by the famous mask. It was placed within a second coffin, made of wood covered in gold foil, which in turn was set within the first, outermost, coffin, also made of wood covered in gold foil.
18TUTS TOMBBurial ChamberThird Coffin:Image of sun above coffin
19TUTS TOMB Burial Chamber: Burial Mask: Made of solid gold, placed directly upon the pharaoh's mummy. Function: protection.Weight: 24 lbs.On the forehead of the mask are a royal uraeus and a vulture's head:symbols of the two deities of Lower and Upper Egypt: Wadjet and Nekhbet.
20TUTS TOMB Burial Chamber Gold/Wood Shrines Covered with thick gold foil, set on a wooden sledge4 Shrines one inside the other
21THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN Antechamber:Contained: chariots, food, funeral couches, thrones, two black guardian figures.This area was seen first by Carter.
27TUTS TOMB ANNEX Shabti Figures 413 shabtis was found In both annex and treasuryAbout 12 in. in height
28TUTS TOMB Treasury Statuette of goddess Selkis Made of gilded wood one of the four protective deities of the outer canopy of the Canopic Shrine containing the viscera of the deceased pharaoh
29TUTS TOMB Treasury Canopic Shrine of Tutankhamen. The goddess Isis Within this a series of smaller shrines, of gilded wood and calcite.Within the Canopic chest itself were four gold coffinettes, with the viscera of the pharaoh.Close up of canopic jar lids
30THE TOMB OF KING TUTANKHAMUN The Treasury:Adjacent to burial chamber.Needs of afterlife:Boats, gilded figures, canopic chest, protective figure of Anubis.
31TUTS TOMB King Tut’s unwrapped Mummy: 5’ 4” tall Died between age 17-19