Presentation on theme: "L2 learning Second Language learning: The birth of error analysis."— Presentation transcript:
1L2 learning Second Language learning: The birth of error analysis.
2Errors happen when learners try to say something that is beyond their current level of language processing. Learners are not able to correct their errors.E.g Excuse me, I didn’t hear what did she say.Slips are the result of tireness, temporary emotions or circumstances. Learners can correct slips by themselves.E.g She has five years, I mean, she is five years old.
3Origen of error analysis Contrastive analysis of pairs of language J´aime les. Je les aimeI like themDevepopments in 1st. LAPass me the one ball. Pass me the ball.
4COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT L2 LEARNINGEFFECTS FROM L1COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTACADEMIC DEVELOPMENT
5SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING: the birth of error analysis Researchers and teachers: studies are based on contrastive analysisFindings: pairs of languages were not difficultE.g: I like them (English)Je les aime (French)
6SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING Error Analysis Origin: Due to the Development of first language acquisition and desillusionment with contrastive analysis.The predictions of contrastive analysis: all error would be caused by interference from first language.Other predictions: errors would not be caused by first language
7SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING Researchers: compared the errors made by children learning their mother tongue.Interlanguage appeared: two fundamental notions.1. language is a system: its own rules2. language is a dynamic system: evolve over time
8Theories about SLAPrinciples and Practice in Second Language AcquisitionFIVE HYPOTHESISAcquisitions / learning are two different processes (spontaneous vs. conscious)Natural order (grammar is acquired in a predictable order in a natural setting)Monitor (learning functions only as an editor or monitor)Input (comprehensible input essential for acquisition)Affective filter (acquisition occurs when affective conditions are optimal, i.e, low anxiety, motivation, confidence, etc.)
9Affective Factors in SLA Self -esteemInhibitionExtroversionEmpathyRisk takingAnxiety
10LEARNING and ACQUISITION are not able to exist at the same time mutually exclusive
14implicit, subconscious explicit, conscious informal situations Acquisition Learningimplicit, subconsciousexplicit, consciousinformal situationsformal situationsuses grammatical 'feel'uses grammatical rulesdepends on attitudedepends on aptitudestable order of acquisitionsimple to complex order of learning