Presentation on theme: "Alina Alvarez IEEE Uruguay Section"— Presentation transcript:
1Alina Alvarez IEEE Uruguay Section - TEP - St Petersburg2 October, 2009Alina Alvarez IEEE Uruguay Section
2METHODOLOGIES THAT WORKED. 1. BEFORE THE 1960`s. Behaviorism. 2 METHODOLOGIES THAT WORKED BEFORE THE 1960`s Behaviorism AFTER THE 1960´s KEY ISSUES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF A TEP PROGRAM FOR NON-NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH METHODOLOGY AND CULTURE
3GRAMMAR TRANSLATION METHOD LANGUAGE IS TREATED AT SENTENCE LEVELKEY SKILLS ARE READING AND GRAMMARSTUDENTS BUILD ON TRANSLATION SKILLSALMOST ALL THE TEACHING OCCURS IN L1THERE IS LITTLE OR NON-SPOKEN COMMUNICATION IN L2
4DIRECT METHOD ( end of XIX century) FAVORED TEACHER AND STUDENTS SPEAKING TOGETHERRELATED GRAMMATICAL FORMS TO OBJECTS AND PICTURESONLY L2 WAS USED IN THE CLASSROOMINPUT STUDENTS RECEIVE = INTAKE THEY ABSORB
5READING APROACH (1920-1940) EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON: READING SKILLS READING COMPREHENSION IS THE ONLY LANGUAGE SKILL EMPHASIZEDTRANSLATION IS RESPECTABLE CLASSROOM PROCEDURE
6AUDIOLINGUAL METHOD (1940,1950, 1960) LANGUAGE LEARNING IS GOVERNED BY:- HABIT FORMATION - CONSTANT REPETITION OF CORRECT UTTERANCES SUPPORTED BY REINFORCEMENT MEMORIZATIONPresentationPracticeProduction
72- AFTER 1960COGNITIVE APPROACH - LANGUAGE IS VIEWED AS RULE ACQUISITION I WANT TO MAKE MY OWN DECISIONS - I WANT TO EXPLORE AND DISCOVER HUMANISTIC APPROACH - MY FEELINGS AND EMOTIONS ARE SO IMPORTANT! - I WANT TO GROW IN SELF-AWARENESS AND IN UNDERSTANDING OTHERS - I WANT TO BE AN ACTIVE LEARNER COMMUNICATIVE APPROACH - COMMUNICATE TO OTHERS WHAT YOU THINK AND FEEL - ESTABLISH AND MAINTAIN SOCIAL AND WORKING RELATIONSHIPS - MAKE SUGGESTIONS TO OTHERS AND EVALUATE OTHERS´ IDEAS
9SUBCONSCIOUS ACQUISITION KRASHEN AND TERREL (1983)SUBCONSCIOUS ACQUISITIONADULTS DEVELOP COMPETENCE IN A SECOND LANGUAGE THROUGH:ACQUISITIONwhich is a subconscious processLANGUAGE LEARNINGconscious knowledge of the second language
11THE INPUT HYPOTHESISinput + 1For acquisition to occur, the acquirer must understand the meaning of the message (not concentrate on the form) by relying on their knowledge of the world and the context situation.
12THE MONITOR HYPOTHESIS Acquisition initiates our utterances and is responsible for our fluency.Learning has the function of "monitor" or "editor“ It requires time , focus on form, and knowing the rule.
13NATURAL ORDER HYPOTHESIS Language acquisition of grammatical structures has a certain predictable order
14Learning is mediated by social interaction Each individual learns distinctively prior knowledge and past experiences are important to make sense of new situations Language plays a central role in cognitive development The development of High Order Thinking skills must be promoted Language skills are critical in the creation of meaning ZPDLEV VYGOTSKI(1896 – 1934)
153. KEY ISSUES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF A TEP PROGRAM FOR NON-NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH
16WHAT DETERMINES THE SUCCESS OF A TEP? STEP 1ON-GOING NEEDS ANALYSIS TO ASSESS PRESENT SITUATIONSTATE COURSE OBJECTIVES CLEARLYON-GOING ASSESSMENT TO DESIGN A ROUTE MAP TO REACH THE EXPECTED OUTCOMESSTATE PREFERRED METHODOLOGIESDETERMINE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALSDETERMINE TOOLS OF FORMATIVE AND SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT
17Which other professional should be part of the TEP team? What is the teachers´ profileneeded forthis program?Which are thespecific objectives of the course?Who areyour learners?
18“ A thought which has not penetrated to other minds, will die unfruitful” Quoted in Steve Aaronson “Style in Scientific Writing”Who are your learners ?Which are their strengths and areas of improvement in English ?Which are their background experiences ?What interests do they have ?Which are their talents and their passions , and values ?
19“The 21st century skill is to be able to follow one´s own passion (s) as one´s own ability allows” Marc PrenskyWhich are the specific objectives of the course?Implement a needs analysisSkills-basedLanguage-basedContent-basedCompetency-basedProficiency basedThrough observation, interviews, questionnaires, content analysis, job description, role plays, tests, etc.Determine in which settings the learners will use the language.
20Team up efficiently to reach a consensus on: “A scientist can not go voyaging through strange seas of thought alone”John R. PlattThe teaching team should work together to nurture their potentials towards the achievement of a common goal.Team up efficiently to reach a consensus on:The teaching approach,The curriculum developmentThe syllabus designThe assessment measures and testsResources available to expand students potentialsTime for preparation, peer teacher, peer observation
21Which other professionals should be part of the TEP team? Which other professionals should be part of the TEP team?Administrative CoordinatorPossibly a Section volunteerA Teacher of EnglishPossibly as the TEP Educational CoordinatorProfessors of Electrical and ComputerEngineeringFor topical lectures and exercises in theirfields of interest