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Communists Take Power in China

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1 Communists Take Power in China
From Chp 17.2 in TextBook



4 Communists vs. Nationalists
Background Info: Remember China was invaded by Japan in During this time, China was in a Civil War between the Nationalists and the Communists


6 The Communists Mao Zedong -leader of the Chinese Communist Party
1. Communists had a stronghold in Northwestern China 2. They mobilized peasants for guerilla warfare against the Japanese. 3. Due to the efforts to improve food production, the Communists won support in NW China by 1945



9 The Nationalists Jiang Jieshi –leader of Nationalist China
Dominated southwest China and protected from the rugged mountain ranges. With an army of 2.5 million and aided by the U.S. to fight Japan, they did little WWII. Instead, the saved up their strength to fight Mao’s Red Army after WWII ended



12 The Chinese Civil War The renewed Civil War lasted from 1946-1949
Nationalist Army outnumbered the Communists and they were supported by the U.S. But Nationalists could not win popular support As China’s economy collapsed as a result of WWII, thousands of soldiers and civilians switched to the Communist Party

13 The Chinese Civil War By 1949, China’s major cities fell to the Red Army Jiang’s army and government fled south to Taiwan Mao’s Promises Give land back to the peasants China became the People’s Republic of China Signed Treaty of Friendship with Russia

14 http://images. google. com/imgres. imgurl=http://users. erols

15 Two Chinas 1. Taiwan or Nationalist China
13,000 square miles Aka Republic of China Supported by the U.S. Militarily weak and corrupt Weak public support Communist or People’s Republic of China 3.5 million square miles Supported by the Soviets Soviet-Chinese Alliance to support each other if attacked by the West Experienced motivated guerilla army Strong Public Support


17 Communist China Expands
The Chinese Red Army expanded into Tibet, India, and Mongolia , brutally took control of Tibet and the Dalai Lama fled to India India harbored Tibetan refugees which increased tension between China and India







24 Communist Transformation in China
1. Set up two political organizations, both headed by Mao until 1959. The Communist Party National Government 2. Agrarian Reform Law of Mao seized land of owners and returned it to peasants. He killed over a million people in the process. 3. Established a 5 Year Economic Plan to boost industry and business and increased output in steel, concrete, coal, and electricity


26 Communist Transformation in China
The Great Leap Forward (1958)- called for larger collective farms, communes, where peasants worked, lived, dined, and slept together and they owned nothing. Was considered a failure after crop famines killed 20 million people. China and USSR began to compete to lead the worldwide Communist Movement by the late 1950’s.


28 The Cultural Revolution
Led by the Red Guards, militias of Communist supporters. Goal: To establish a society of peasants and workers in which all were equal. Anything intellectual and artistic were considered useless Red guards shut down colleges and schools. Intellectuals had to “purify” themselves by doing hard labor Thousands were executed and imprisoned. The chaos threatened farm production and industry. The Communist National Army was told to suppress the Red Guards and end the revolution





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