Presentation on theme: "REVIEW QUESTIONS Who was the leader of the Chinese communist party? Mao Zedong What was the Long March? 6000 march by communists, led by Mao, trailed."— Presentation transcript:
REVIEW QUESTIONS Who was the leader of the Chinese communist party? Mao Zedong What was the Long March? 6000 march by communists, led by Mao, trailed by Nationalists Who was the leader of the Nationalist party? Jiang Jieshi What other country was continually invading China? Japan What types of people supported the communists? Peasants, famers What types of people supported the nationalists? Middle/upper class, business owners What was the May Fourth Movement? Protesting students demanding modernization and end of conflict with Japan
AUTOGRAPH HUNT You will have five minutes to complete page 9 in blue packet I will model for you before time starts…
AGENDA Bellringer Quiz Notes: Mao in China Exit Ticket
OBJECTIVES Students will identify two similarities between Mao and Stalin Students will define Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution
HISTORICAL CIRCUMSTANCE We know why nationalism increased in China… We know Jiang Jieshi and the nationalist party had established control in China thus ending dynasties…. Skipping around chronologically, WWII has already happened (we will go back and study it). WWII has an impact on China…
IMPACTS OF WWII China fought for allies (victorious) Japan invaded and held some strongholds in China during WWII Why? Location Japan was part of axis powers Japan has always wanted to control china for resources and trade routes 10-22 million Chinese killed; second only to Soviet Union
NORTH AND SOUTH IN WWII Mao Zedong and his Communist forces held strong holds in North China As economy continued to deteriorate with WWII popularity of communism grew Jiang Jieshi and nationalists had strong holds in South China U.S. provided billions of dollars in aid to nationalists to fight Japan and establish control of Chinese government Much of this money went to corrupt officers Himalaya mountains shielded south from Japanese so they spent most of their time training to fight Mao when war ended
CIVIL WAR As soon as Japan surrendered and WWII ended, the nationalists and communists began a civil war for power. The U.S. continued to financially sponsor the nationalists and the Soviet Union financially sponsored the communists
COMMUNISTS WIN Mao and the communists are able to defeat nationalists Why? Better military discipline, guerilla warfare Popular support of peasants Treaty of Friendship with Soviet Union
COMMUNISTS WIN Jiang Jieshi and the remnants of his army fled to the island of Taiwan U.S. continues to finance, train nationalists Jiang renames Taiwan “Nationalist China” Now there are two Chinas! This will make the cold war crazy!
AGENDA Bellringer Review questions Finish notes: Mao in China Index card: Mao Closure questions Textbook reading: Meiji w/ packet activity
REVIEW QUESTIONS What was the Great Leap Forward? Mao’s plan to modernize China What political party won the Chinese Civil war? Communist Mao Zedong signed a Treaty of Friendship with what country? Soviet Union What is Guerilla warfare? Small sneak attacks Define archipelago Chain of Islands Identify two causes of the Russian Revolution? Problems with industrialization, unresponsiveness of Czar, WWI, Bloody Sunday, loss to Japan in Russo-Japanese war
GREAT LEAP FORWARD Mao’s plan to industrialize and modernize China Agrarian Reform law 1950 confiscated rural farm land and distributed to peasants Created collective farms (or communes) (200-300 families live in each) Began Five year Plans (Quotas) Factories were nationalized (under govt control)
GREAT LEAP FORWARD Life was strict; everything was communal Big failure: Because no one owned anything no one was inspired to work Crop failures resulted in a famine killing 20 million people
SINO-SOVIET SPLIT 1960 China and Soviet Union fought about who would lead worldwide communist movement They shared longest boundary in the world with lots of territorial disputes Differences in communist ideology led soviets to withdraw aid and advisors from China ending alliance between the two
MAO’S GREAT LEAP FORWARD Goal was to increase farm and industrial output by establishing quotas Who else did something similar in history? Stalin! Five Year Plans!
ENCOURAGING REVOLUTION Mao encouraged students to form “red guards” “Cultural Revolution”
CULTURAL REVOLUTION Create a world in which all peasants and workers are equal (utopia) “True Heros” were depicted as peasants working with their hands Academic, intellectual pursuits were considered useless and dangerous Red Guards shut down colleges/schools Many “purified” themselves by working long hours of manual labor
LITTLE RED BOOK Book written by Mao Red for Communism Contains his thoughts and ideas on communist ideology Red Guards and Mao Supporters carried everywhere and held in the air as a salute
MAO ZEDONG Communist leader of China Goal was to industrialize Closely aligned with Stalin Long March, Great Leap Forward, and Cultural Revolution
EXIT TICKET What was the Great Leap Forward? What was the common goal of Stalin and Mao? Identify a similarity in how these two leaders achieved their goals? What was the Red Guard? What was the goal of the cultural revolution?
EXIT TICKET What was the Great Leap Forward? Zedong’s plan for industrializing China What was the common goal of Stalin and Mao? To industrialize and create super powers Identify a similarity in how these two leaders achieved their goals? Collective farms same. Five year plans = Great Leap Forward What was the Red Guard? Students who supported the cultural revolution. Propagandizing. What was the goal of the cultural revolution? Indoctrinate Chinese people in name of communism and Mao