Essential Question What were the causes of the Civil War?
Expansion Leads to Conflict Mexican Cession adds 5,000 square miles Free states or slave states? CA admitted as free state: imbalance Compromise of 1850 Organized New Mexico and Utah territories – popular sovereignty Outlawed buying/selling of slaves in D.C. Fugitive Slave Act Federal Crime to help runaway slaves, allow for recapture
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854 Desire to link CA with rest of nation by railroad Douglas wants Northern route Proposes organizing territories into Kansas and Nebraska Popular sovereignty states To get Southern support – will ban Missouri Compromise line
Bleeding Kansas Center of struggle over slavery Pro-slavery v. Free-soilers Pro-slavery forces attacked anti-slavery newspaper buildings and free-soil areas Marais des Cygnes Massacre John Brown Raid Before granted statehood both sides brought in settlers, voter fraud Eventually admitted as free state
Dred Scott Decision Sued for family’s freedom Lived in states where slavery was illegal Supreme court ruled he was not a citizen and could not bring a case to court Aroused public outrage, deepened sectional divide
Abraham Lincoln Becomes President Lincoln family history Lincoln favored idea of Congress banning slavery in new territories and capital Compensated Emancipation in D.C. Lincoln-Douglas Debates Wins Presidency in 1860 w/ Northern votes
The South Secedes After Lincoln’s election Dec. 20, 1860: “The union now subsisting between South Carolina and other states under the name of the ‘United States of America’ is hereby dissolved.” By Feb Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas seceded, N Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas, Virginia threatens The Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis is president (Senator from Mississippi) New Constitution allowing slavery