Simple Sentences A simple sentence is one independent clause and one complete thought. It has one subject and one verb. Examples: The bell rang. You and I need piano lessons. The skier turned and jumped.
Compound Sentences A compound sentence is a sentence with 2 or more independent clauses joined by a comma and a coordinating conjunction. It will have 2 simple subjects and 2 simple predicates. Examples: I planned to go to the hockey game, but I couldn’t get tickets. Dorothy likes white water rafting, but she also enjoys kayaking. Bridget ran the first part of the race, and Tara biked the second part.
Coordinating Conjunctions Coordinating Conjunctions are used to join together 2 independent clauses. Examples: For And Nor But Or Yet So
Complex Sentences A complex sentence is one independent clause plus one dependent clause. Each clause has its own subject and verb, but the dependent clause can’t stand alone. The two clauses are joined by a subordinating conjunction. Punctuate by putting a comma after the dependent clause if it is at the beginning of the sentence. If the clause is at the end of the sentence, do not put a comma. Examples: Because Kayla has so much climbing experience, we asked her to lead our group. He stands at the bottom of the cliff while the climber moves up the rock.
Subordinating Conjunctions AAAWWWWUUBBIISS AfterBecause Although (Though)Before As (As if, As long as)If When (Whenever)In order that Where (Wherever) Since Which So what While Unless Until
Compound-Complex Sentences A compound-complex sentence has at least 2 independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses. Example: Laura forgot her friend’s birthday, so she sent her a card when she finally remembered.