Read the passage and find the answers to the questions that follow. I don ’ t like to eat fish. My mother likes fish and she thinks it is very healthy. She doesn ’ t understand me. My father also nags me and doesn ’ t understand why I don ’ t eat fish. It is good that I have a cat. It is not picky and it doesn ’ t mind eating the fish that I don ’ t want. (Don ’ t tell my parents!) to nag = לנדנד picky= בררן
What are the correct answers? The writer ’ s mother likes/doesn ’ t like fish. The writer likes/doesn ’ t like fish. This sentence tells us about a general truth. The writer ’ s parents know/ don ’ t know that the cat eats his fish. This sentence tells us about a state of mind.
When do we use the Simple Present? (1) When we speak about general truths or facts. When we speak about habits or customs. When we speak about feelings and senses. Expressing senses, emotions and mental activity When we speak about states and possession. When we speak about states of mind or being.
When do we use the Simple Present? (2) The following verbs all express states, possession, senses, emotions and mental activity belong to this group: Be, remain (state) Belong, have (possession) Like, love, hate, wish, want, seem (feeling and emotion) Believe, mean, prefer, realize, understand, think (mental activity) see, smell, hear. (senses)
When do we use the Simple Present? (3) Future plans (with future time expression) often refers to timetables or programs. Sporting events, story telling and jokes. Actions in the present taking place one after another
Time expression These time expressions appear at the beginning or the end of the sentence in the present simple: every day, each year, once a week, on Tuesday, regularly, daily, in the evening etc.
More Time expression These time expressions appear before the main verb, or after the verb to be: always, often, sometimes, seldom, usually, generally, occasionally, never.
Negative A Negative sentence How do we form it? (1) We use the helping verb do to form a negative sentence. In return, the helping verb gets all the extras (s / es; not). בהווה פשוט אנו מייבאים את פועל העזר do כדי שיעזור לנו להפוך את המשפט לשלילה. פועל העזר מקבל בתמורה לעזרתו את כל התוספות שהפועל היה צריך לקבל. (s/es; not)
Negative A Negative sentence How do we form it? (1) Positive sentences: I, you, we, they + base verb. He, she it + base verb+s/es. I eat lunch every day. I don ’ t eat lunch in the morning. Negative sentences: I, you, we, they + do not + base verb He, she it + does not+ base verb.
A Negative sentence How do we form it? (2) books every day. doesn ’ t read He She It Rest of the sentenceVerbSubject books every day. don ’ t read I We You They
Special verbs 1 The verb to be behaves in a special way. It doesn ’ t want another helping verb: happy.am not I happy. are not We You They happy. is not He She It Rest of the sentenceVerbSubject
Special verbs 2 The verb to have doesn ’ t behave in a special way in the negative form. a computer.don ’ t have I We You They a computer.doesn ’ t have He She It Rest of the sentence VerbSubject
Special verbs 3 there are special verbs (Modals) which don ’ t need a helping verb to form the negative sing. can not (can ’ t) may not should not (shouldn ’ t would not (wouldn ’ t) must not (mustn ’ t) I We You They He She It VerbModalsSubject
It is time to practice your knowledge Double click on: Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3 Exercise 4 Exercise 5 Exercise 6
Now you know how to form affirmative and negative sentences in the present simple. BUT Do you know how to ask questions?