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Summary of World War Two waryears/war_index_1939.shtml.

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1 Summary of World War Two waryears/war_index_1939.shtml

2 1939  Hitler invades Poland on 1st September. Britain and France declare war two days later.

3 1940  Rationing starts in the UK.  German "Blitzkrieg" overwhelms firstly Denmark and Norway, then Belgium, Holland and France.  Churchill becomes Prime Minister.  British Expeditionary Force evacuated from Dunkirk.  British victory in Battle of Britain forces Hitler to postpone invasion plans.

4 1941  German forces in N-Africa and Balkan  The Blitz continues in England's major cities.  Hitler begins Operation Barbarossa - the invasion of Russia.  Allies take Tobruk in North Africa and resist German attacks.  Japan attacks Pearl Harbour and the USA enters the war.

5 1942  Bombing of cities intensified  Singapore falls to the Japanese in February - around 25,000 prisoners taken.  American naval victory at Battle of Midway, in June, marks turning point in Pacific War.  Germany suffers setbacks at Stalingrad and El Alamein.  Mass murder of Jewish people at Auschwitz begins

6 1943  Surrender at Stalingrad marks Germany's first major defeat.  Allied victory in North Africa enables invasion of Italy to be launched.  Italy surrenders but Germany takes over the battle.  British and Indian forces fight Japanese in Burma.  Russian advance gathered pace.  Enormous daylight air raids on German cities.

7 1944  Allies land at Anzio and bomb monastery at Monte Cassino.  D Day: the Allied invasion of France. Paris is liberated in August.  Guam liberated by the US. Okinawa and Iwo Jima bombed.  Soviet offensive gathers pace in Eastern Europe.

8 1945  Auschwitz liberated by Soviet troops.  Allied bombing raids on Dresden.  Russians reach Berlin: Hitler commits suicide and Germany surrenders on May 7th.  Truman becomes President on Roosevelt's death, and Attlee replaces Churchill.  After atomic bombs are dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrenders on August 14th.

9 The End  Thank You for listening so intensively.

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