Presentation on theme: "Major Battles and Events"— Presentation transcript:
1Major Battles and Events World War IIMajor Battles and Events
2Blitzkrieg - “Lightening War” German attack on PolandSeptember 1, first blitzkriegSuccessful military strategy for Germany - airplanes and tanks supported by infantry
3Battle of Britain - “the Blitz” German air bombing campaign of BritainSeptember May 1941Bombings targeted major British cities, especially LondonHitler called off raids, allies learned Hitler could be stopped
4From 1935-1937, the U.S. passed a series of Neutrality Acts (They were practicing isolationism!)
5March Tobruk, LibyaRommel is sent by Hitler to defeat British forcesBy June of 1942, he suceeded
6Battle in the BalkansBulgaria, Romania & Hungary fall to Germany with barely any resistanceApril Hitler invades Yugoslavia (11 days) & Greece (17 days).
7Summer USSRGermany turns on USSR and begins attack June 22- OPERATION BARBAROSSASoviets practices scorched-earth policySeptember- Leningrad under siege
8December 7, 1941 - “a date that will live in infamy” Japanese attack on U.S.Pearl Harbor Naval base, HawaiiThe next day, U.S. declared war on Japan, becomes involved in World War II
9Bataan Death March April, 1942 Philippines 56, ,000 American and Filipino POWs marched north by Japanese
10Forced to march 60 mi while being beaten by Japanese soldiers. Many were buried alive if they did not move fast enoughJapanese organizers of March were executed by Allies in 1946
11Doolittle’s Raid April 1941 Bombed the Japanese home islands (including city of Tokyo)Proved that Japan was vulnerable
12Battle of Coral Sea May 4-8, 1942 The Japanese were advancing to the SouthU.S. Naval carriers used aircraft to stop them
13Battle of Midway June 3-6, 1942 U.S. v. Japan Midway Island, in the PacificThe U.S. were outnumbered 4-1 in ships and planes, but they wonTurning point of war against the Japanese
14Guadalcanal August 1942- February 1943 First major offensive of the Allies vs. Japan
15Battle of Stalingrad Germany v. USSR (Soviet Union) August 23, February 2, 1943The Russian winter set inThe Germans couldn’t survive the elements (same mistake Napoleon made!)
16Germany surrendered to Soviets, Germans were pushed back west Turning point on Eastern Front
17Battle of El Amin October 1942 Germany is defeated by Britain Led to the 1943 surrender in N. Africa
18D-Day - “Operation Overlord” U.S, Canada, Britain v. GermanyJune 6, 1944Beaches of Normandy, France (Sword, Juno, Gold, Omaha, Utah)France, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg liberated from Nazi occupation
193,000 American soldiers alone died July 25- Allies finally cut a hole in German defenseAugust 25- Allies march into Paris, victorious.
20Battle of the Bulge U.S., British v. Germany December 16, 1944 Belgium Last major German offensive of World War IIAllies push the Germans back
21April 30/May 1, 1945- After swallowing poison, Hitler shoots himself May 2- Germany surrendersMay 7- U.S. General Dwight Eisenhower accepts Germany’s unconditional surrenderMay 8- surrender is officially signedV-E Day
22Battle of Iwo Jima U.S. v. Japan February 19 - March 26, 1945 (36 days)Bloodiestbattle of WWIIAmericanstook the islandfrom theJapanese
23Battle of Okinawa U.S. v. Japan April 1 - June 22, 1945 Okinawa - Pacific IslandLargest amphibious assault in the Pacific TheaterAfter long, bloody battle, U.S. took the islandLast battle of WWII
24Invading Japan may have cost the U. S Invading Japan may have cost the U.S. the lives of about 500,000 soldiers.FDR had died in April before the Allied victory against GermanyPresident Truman sent a warning to Japan to surrender, but Japan did not reply.
25Hiroshima August 6, 1945 Site of 1st atomic bomb drop on Japan 73,000 dead114,000 total (radiation and after effects)
26Nagasaki August 9, 1945 Second atomic bomb dropped 37,500 killed Japan surrendered, September 2, 1945 to U.S. General MacArthur.
27Nuremberg Trials Nuremberg, Germany Trials of Nazi war criminals Began in last trial…2009Some sentenced to prison, some executed (hung) and bodies burned in oven at concentration camps
28June 1945: The formation of the United Nations (U.N.) The nations that came together wanted to make sure that crimes against humanity like the Holocaust would never happen again.June 1945: The formation of the United Nations (U.N.)Intended to protect its members against aggression