Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

World War II Major Battles and Events. Blitzkrieg - “Lightening War”  German attack on Poland  September 1, 1939 - first blitzkrieg  Successful military.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "World War II Major Battles and Events. Blitzkrieg - “Lightening War”  German attack on Poland  September 1, 1939 - first blitzkrieg  Successful military."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War II Major Battles and Events

2 Blitzkrieg - “Lightening War”  German attack on Poland  September 1, first blitzkrieg  Successful military strategy for Germany - airplanes and tanks supported by infantry  German attack on Poland  September 1, first blitzkrieg  Successful military strategy for Germany - airplanes and tanks supported by infantry

3 Battle of Britain - “the Blitz”  German air bombing campaign of Britain  September May 1941  Bombings targeted major British cities, especially London  Hitler called off raids, allies learned Hitler could be stopped  German air bombing campaign of Britain  September May 1941  Bombings targeted major British cities, especially London  Hitler called off raids, allies learned Hitler could be stopped

4  From , the U.S. passed a series of Neutrality Acts (They were practicing isolationism!)

5 March Tobruk, Libya  Rommel is sent by Hitler to defeat British forces  By June of 1942, he suceeded  Rommel is sent by Hitler to defeat British forces  By June of 1942, he suceeded

6 Battle in the Balkans  Bulgaria, Romania & Hungary fall to Germany with barely any resistance  April Hitler invades Yugoslavia (11 days) & Greece (17 days).  Bulgaria, Romania & Hungary fall to Germany with barely any resistance  April Hitler invades Yugoslavia (11 days) & Greece (17 days).

7 Summer USSR  Germany turns on USSR and begins attack June 22- OPERATION BARBAROSSA  Soviets practices scorched-earth policy  September- Leningrad under siege  Germany turns on USSR and begins attack June 22- OPERATION BARBAROSSA  Soviets practices scorched-earth policy  September- Leningrad under siege

8 December 7, “a date that will live in infamy”  Japanese attack on U.S.  Pearl Harbor Naval base, Hawaii  The next day, U.S. declared war on Japan, becomes involved in World War II  Japanese attack on U.S.  Pearl Harbor Naval base, Hawaii  The next day, U.S. declared war on Japan, becomes involved in World War II

9 Bataan Death March  April, 1942  Philippines  56, ,000 American and Filipino POWs marched north by Japanese  April, 1942  Philippines  56, ,000 American and Filipino POWs marched north by Japanese

10  Forced to march 60 mi while being beaten by Japanese soldiers.  Many were buried alive if they did not move fast enough  Japanese organizers of March were executed by Allies in 1946  Forced to march 60 mi while being beaten by Japanese soldiers.  Many were buried alive if they did not move fast enough  Japanese organizers of March were executed by Allies in 1946

11 Doolittle’s Raid April 1941  Bombed the Japanese home islands (including city of Tokyo)  Proved that Japan was vulnerable  Bombed the Japanese home islands (including city of Tokyo)  Proved that Japan was vulnerable

12 Battle of Coral Sea May 4-8, 1942  The Japanese were advancing to the South  U.S. Naval carriers used aircraft to stop them  The Japanese were advancing to the South  U.S. Naval carriers used aircraft to stop them

13 Battle of Midway  June 3-6, 1942  U.S. v. Japan  Midway Island, in the Pacific  The U.S. were outnumbered 4-1 in ships and planes, but they won  Turning point of war against the Japanese  June 3-6, 1942  U.S. v. Japan  Midway Island, in the Pacific  The U.S. were outnumbered 4-1 in ships and planes, but they won  Turning point of war against the Japanese

14 Guadalcanal August February 1943  First major offensive of the Allies vs. Japan

15 Battle of Stalingrad  Germany v. USSR (Soviet Union)  August 23, February 2, 1943  The Russian winter set in  The Germans couldn’t survive the elements (same mistake Napoleon made!)  Germany v. USSR (Soviet Union)  August 23, February 2, 1943  The Russian winter set in  The Germans couldn’t survive the elements (same mistake Napoleon made!)

16  Germany surrendered to Soviets, Germans were pushed back west  Turning point on Eastern Front  Germany surrendered to Soviets, Germans were pushed back west  Turning point on Eastern Front

17 Battle of El Amin  October 1942  Germany is defeated by Britain  Led to the 1943 surrender in N. Africa  October 1942  Germany is defeated by Britain  Led to the 1943 surrender in N. Africa

18 D-Day - “Operation Overlord”  U.S, Canada, Britain v. Germany  June 6, 1944  Beaches of Normandy, France (Sword, Juno, Gold, Omaha, Utah)  France, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg liberated from Nazi occupation  U.S, Canada, Britain v. Germany  June 6, 1944  Beaches of Normandy, France (Sword, Juno, Gold, Omaha, Utah)  France, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg liberated from Nazi occupation

19  3,000 American soldiers alone died  July 25- Allies finally cut a hole in German defense  August 25- Allies march into Paris, victorious.  3,000 American soldiers alone died  July 25- Allies finally cut a hole in German defense  August 25- Allies march into Paris, victorious.

20 Battle of the Bulge  U.S., British v. Germany  December 16, 1944  Belgium  Last major German offensive of World War II  Allies push the Germans back  U.S., British v. Germany  December 16, 1944  Belgium  Last major German offensive of World War II  Allies push the Germans back

21  April 30/May 1, After swallowing poison, Hitler shoots himself  May 2- Germany surrenders  May 7- U.S. General Dwight Eisenhower accepts Germany’s unconditional surrender  May 8- surrender is officially signed  V-E Day  April 30/May 1, After swallowing poison, Hitler shoots himself  May 2- Germany surrenders  May 7- U.S. General Dwight Eisenhower accepts Germany’s unconditional surrender  May 8- surrender is officially signed  V-E Day

22 Battle of Iwo Jima  U.S. v. Japan  February 19 - March 26, 1945 (36 days)  Bloodiest battle of WWII  Americans took the island from the Japanese  U.S. v. Japan  February 19 - March 26, 1945 (36 days)  Bloodiest battle of WWII  Americans took the island from the Japanese

23 Battle of Okinawa  U.S. v. Japan  April 1 - June 22, 1945  Okinawa - Pacific Island  Largest amphibious assault in the Pacific Theater  After long, bloody battle, U.S. took the island  Last battle of WWII  U.S. v. Japan  April 1 - June 22, 1945  Okinawa - Pacific Island  Largest amphibious assault in the Pacific Theater  After long, bloody battle, U.S. took the island  Last battle of WWII

24  Invading Japan may have cost the U.S. the lives of about 500,000 soldiers.  FDR had died in April before the Allied victory against Germany  President Truman sent a warning to Japan to surrender, but Japan did not reply.  Invading Japan may have cost the U.S. the lives of about 500,000 soldiers.  FDR had died in April before the Allied victory against Germany  President Truman sent a warning to Japan to surrender, but Japan did not reply.

25 Hiroshima  August 6, 1945  Site of 1st atomic bomb drop on Japan  73,000 dead  114,000 total (radiation and after effects)  August 6, 1945  Site of 1st atomic bomb drop on Japan  73,000 dead  114,000 total (radiation and after effects)

26 Nagasaki  August 9, 1945  Second atomic bomb dropped  37,500 killed  Japan surrendered, September 2, 1945 to U.S. General MacArthur.  August 9, 1945  Second atomic bomb dropped  37,500 killed  Japan surrendered, September 2, 1945 to U.S. General MacArthur.

27 Nuremberg Trials  Nuremberg, Germany  Trials of Nazi war criminals  Began in last trial…2009  Some sentenced to prison, some executed (hung) and bodies burned in oven at concentration camps  Nuremberg, Germany  Trials of Nazi war criminals  Began in last trial…2009  Some sentenced to prison, some executed (hung) and bodies burned in oven at concentration camps

28  The nations that came together wanted to make sure that crimes against humanity like the Holocaust would never happen again.  June 1945: The formation of the United Nations (U.N.)  Intended to protect its members against aggression  The nations that came together wanted to make sure that crimes against humanity like the Holocaust would never happen again.  June 1945: The formation of the United Nations (U.N.)  Intended to protect its members against aggression


Download ppt "World War II Major Battles and Events. Blitzkrieg - “Lightening War”  German attack on Poland  September 1, 1939 - first blitzkrieg  Successful military."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google