Presentation on theme: "Who was on each side? Axis Powers Germany Italy Japan Allied Powers"— Presentation transcript:
1 Who was on each side? Axis Powers Germany Italy Japan Allied Powers Great BritainSoviet UnionUnited StatesFranceSurrendered to Germany in 1940 after 6 weeks
2 How did WWII start? Germany invaded Poland (1939). Allies declare war on Germany.Germany then invades France, Belgium, etc.Then Hitler invades Russia.Germans use “blitzkrieg” to overwhelm other armies.Blitzkrieg means “lightening war” in German.Surround with tanks and troops in trucks.
3 June 22, 1940: France surrenders to Germany Germany invadedPoland in1939Nazi GermanyInvaded Denmarkand Norway in 1940One month later,Germany invadesFrance, Belgium,Luxembourgand NetherlandsJune 22, 1940: France surrenders to Germany3
6 War in EuropeUS was isolated at first but started to prepare for war in 1940Increased military & had 1st peacetime military draft Sept. 1940Lend-Lease Act 1941—lend, not sell arms, to BritainSept. 1940—to help keep US out of war Hitler brings in Japan as part of Axis PowersHitler hoped US wouldn’t want to fight a 2 front warUS enters war after bombing of Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941Churchill & Roosevelt decide to invade North Africa June 1942By July 1943: Allies force way into Italy & Italy surrendersGermany is able to hold most of the Italian peninsula
7 War Comes to an END! Stalingrad Germany invaded Russia (Soviet Union) at city of StalingradLasted from August 21,1942- February 2,1943Soviet Military was able to push Germany out of the Soviet Union; cost Germany 200,000 troopsWas turning point in war against Germany
8 How did WWII end in Europe? Operation Overlord- Allied invasion of France. Also called D-Day (June 6, 1944).Within a month 1 million Allied troops were stationed in Europe.Germany is surrounded with the USSR to the eastGermany surrenders in May 8, 1945 (V-E Day) after Hitler commits suicide.