The Present Subjunctive (with Ojalá) P. 339 Avancemos 2.
Presentation on theme: "The Present Subjunctive P. 410 Realidades 2 The Subjunctive l Up to now you have been using verbs in the indicative mood, which is used to talk about."— Presentation transcript:
The Present Subjunctive P. 410 Realidades 2
The Subjunctive l Up to now you have been using verbs in the indicative mood, which is used to talk about facts or actual events.
The Subjunctive l Aprendo francés para mi viaje.
The Subjunctive l Spanish has another way of using verbs called the subjunctive mood.
The Subjunctive l We use it to say what one person does or doesnt want, tell, suggest, or recommend someone else to do.
The Subjunctive l A sentence that includes the subjunctive form has two parts connected by the word que. l For example:
The Subjunctive l Recomendamos que Uds. hablen con un agente de viajes. l We recommend that you speak with a travel agent.
The Subjunctive l ¿Quiere Ud. que escribamos nuestros nombres en las maletas. l Do you want us to write our names on our suitcases?
The Subjunctive l Note that the subjunctive sentences have two parts, each with a different subject, connected by the word que:
2 Clauses Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés Independent clause (stands on its own) Subject > Verb Separated by the word que Dependent clause (cant stand on its own) Begins with the word que. Indicative Verb Subjunctive Verb
The Subjunctive l The first subject uses the present indicative verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition, and so on) + que and the second subject uses the present subjunctive verb (what should happen).
The Subjunctive l Verbs that are often follewed by que + subjunctive: l Decir l Insistir en l Necesitar l Permitir l Preferir (e > ie) l Prohibir l Querer (e > ie) l Recomendar (e > ie) l Sugerir (e > ie)
The Subjunctive l We form the present subjunctive of most verbs the same way we form negative tú commands.
The Subjunctive l We drop the -o of the present-tense indicative yo form and add the subjunctive endings.
The Subjunctive l For -ar verbs: l e, es, e, emos, éis, en l For -er/-ir verbs: l a, as, a, amos, áis, an