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Commands and Pronoun Placement

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1 Commands and Pronoun Placement
By Jami Sipe

2 Pronouns (direct, indirect, reflexive)
are placed before the verb in negative commands. Ejemplos: ¡No lo digas! = Don’t say it! ¡No se lo digas! = Don’t tell it to him! ¡No me la traiga! = Don’t bring it to me! ¡No nos acostemos! = Let’s not go to bed!

3 Object Pronouns follow affirmative commands and are attached to them.
When attached, an accent mark is usually placed over the stressed syllable. Ejemplo: ¡Quédense Uds.! = Stay! Otro ejemplo: ¡Váyanse Uds.! = Go away!

4 Exception: ¡Hazla! = (Do it!)
When a single object pronoun is added to a one-syllable command form, there is no accent mark. Ejemplos: ¡Dime! = (Tell me!) ¡Hazla! = (Do it!)

5 Y más ejemplos: ¡Córtelos en rebanadas! = ¡Agréguelo al refresco! = ¡Póngala en un plato! = ¡Apréndanlos de memoria! = ¡Cómprenlos! = Cut them in slices! Add it to the soft drink! Put it on a plate! Learn them by memory! Buy them!

6 Remember the Direct Object Pronouns:
me – me te – you (familiar, singular) lo – him, it, you (formal, singular) la – her, it, you nos – us os – you (familiar, plural - Spain) los – them, you (masculine, plural) las – them, you (feminine, plural)

7 Remember the Indirect Object Pronouns:
me – me te – you (familiar, singular) le – him/her, you (formal, singular) nos – us os – you (familiar, plural, Spain) les – them, you (plural)

8 When there is a direct object pronoun and indirect object pronoun
Remember: : When there is a direct object pronoun and indirect object pronoun in the same sentence, the indirect object goes in front of the direct object. When the two pronouns are third-person, change the indirect object pronoun to “se.” Mándeselo. = (Send it to her.)

9 Reflexive Pronouns: me nos te os se se ¡Lávese! = Wash yourself!
Ejemplos con los reflexivos: ¡Lávese! = Wash yourself! ¡Desayúnate! = Eat breakfast! ¡Levántense! = Get up! (Stand up!) ¡Siéntense! = Sit down!

10 lavarse → ¡Lavémonos! secarse → ¡Sequémonos!
Note: In affirmative “nosotros/as” commands with reflexive verbs, drop the “s” of the conjugated verb before adding “nos.” Ejemplos: sentarse → ¡Sentémonos! lavarse → ¡Lavémonos! secarse → ¡Sequémonos!

11 Check Your Knowledge! Do it! Don’t do it! Bring it to me!
Don’t bring it to me! Cut them! Bring them to him! ¡Hazlo! ¡No lo hagas! ¡Tráigamelo! ¡No me lo traiga! ¡Córtelos! ¡Tráigaselos!

12 Credits ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery Written by: Jami Sipe Additional Information by: Suzanne Rutkowski Adriana Miretti Order Today! To get more of these Spanish grammar presentations, go to: Search: Grammar PowerPoints™

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