2Gustar = to be pleasing to In English it’s translated to “I like”In English we say “I like dogs”In Spanish we say “ The dogs are pleasing to me”“Me gustan los perros”IOP VERB SUBJECTYo tomo el chocolate caliente ( conjugate for “yo” because you are drinking the hot chocolate.You conjugate for the subject in thesentence. The subject iswhat/ who is doing the action.
3There are TWO forms of GUSTAR 1. Gusta (refers to one object)2. Gustan (refers to more than one object)
4The verb gustar is conjugated to go with the thing you like, which is actuallythe subject of the sentence.►Me gustan los perrosI like dogs
5Ejemplos: Me gusta la pizza. (I like the pizza.) ►Me gusta la pizza.(I like the pizza.)Me gustan las galletas.(I like cookies.)►
6Ejemplos: Me gusta la pizza. (I like the pizza.) ►Me gusta la pizza.(I like the pizza.)Me gustan las galletas.(I like cookies.)►
7indirect object pronouns. Gustar is used withindirect object pronouns.They refer to who is being pleased or who is being affectedIOP (to …)me (me)te (you, familiar)le (you, formal/him/her)nos (us)os (you-Spain)Les (Them)Me gustan los perrosDogs are pleasing to meYou need to know who is being pleased.For the example, to whom the dogs pleaseWith the verb gustar someone is being affected because it means to be pleasing to (who is the pleasing being done to)
8To talk about likes and dislikes with gustar …Use this formula!(indirect object pronoun)+ form of gustar + what you likeTo say what you dislike just put NO in front of the IOPNo me gustan los perros
9There are 4 parts to forming a sentence with GUSTAR! Backwards verbs!!
10I like chocolate = I like the cats = 2. Form of GUSTAR 3. IOP2. Form of GUSTAR1. What you like, orwhat is doing thepleasingwho is being pleasedMeTeleNosOslesGustael/la_______________One object/ singularGustanlos/ las______________More than one/ pluralNO NAKED NOUNS!I like chocolate =Megustael chocolateI like the cats =Megustanlos gatos
11Part 4 is used for clarification or emphasis! Clarifies who is being pleased when using (le and les)a mía ti*a él /ella/ Ud./ ______a nosotros/ a ______ y a mí* a ellas/ ellos/ Uds. / a_______ y a ________A mí me gusta el chocolateA ti te gusta el chocolatenameA él le gusta el chocolateA Jenny le gusta el chocolatenameClarify le and lesYes, you are repeating yourselfMi= myMí=metti=youAfter a preposition use mí and tiA nosotros nos gusta el chocolateA Jenny y a Mike les gusta el chocolate
12When you have two verbs together you use the singular form of GUSTAR Me gusta bailar. (I like to dance) Me gusta bailar y cantar. (I like to dance and sing.)