2What is a direct object (D.O.)?? Receives the action.Ask yourself…whom or what receives the action.Luisa buys the blouse.Ask yourself…what does Luisa buy?_________ is the direct object of the sentence.
3More practice… Find the D.O. I want the blue shirt. He eats an apple. María orders dessert.Bernardo listens to Shakira.
4So what is a direct object prounoun? (D.O.P.) Replaces the direct object (noun or pronoun).Original sentence:I want the blue shirt.New sentence with D.O.P.:I want it.
5What are the D.O.P.s in Spanish? me = menos = uste = you (familiar)================lo / la = you (formal),him, her, itlos / las = you, them
6Placement of the D.O.P.The D.O.P. is placed BEFORE the conjugated verb.Example) Quiero la camisa.La quiero.D.O.P. replaces camisaconj. verb
7Placement of the D.O.P.If there are TWO verbs (one conjugated and one infinitive), the D.O.P. can be attached to the infinitive.Example) Quiero comrar la camisa.La quiero comprar ORQuiero comprarla.
8How do I know which D.O.P. to use? 1st – Decide if the noun/pronoun you are replacing is masculine or feminine.Masculine – me, te, lo, nos, losFemenine – me, te, la, nos, las2nd – Decide if the noun/pronoun you are replacing is singular or plural.Singular – me, te, lo, laPlural – nos, los, lasFigure out which D.O.P. to use based on the above steps.
9EXAMPLE Quiero comprar el disco compacto de Rhiana. Our D.O. is el disco compacto.We know that it is just one, so singular.me, te, lo, or la are our choicesWe know that it is masculine based on the object “el”me, te, or loWe know that it is not a person, so the D.O.P. has to be lo.
10What is your final answer? Your Turn…Necesito comer la cena antes de dormir.What is your D.O.?Is it masculine or feminine?Is it singular or plural?Is it a person or an object?What is your final answer?
11If you answered la, you’re right! La necesito comer antes de dormir. La replaces cena.