What is a direct object (D.O.)?? Receives the action. Ask yourself…whom or what receives the action. Luisa buys the blouse. Ask yourself…what does Luisa buy? _________ is the direct object of the sentence.
More practice… Find the D.O. I want the blue shirt. He eats an apple. María orders dessert. Bernardo listens to Shakira.
So what is a direct object prounoun? (D.O.P.) Replaces the direct object (noun or pronoun). Original sentence: I want the blue shirt. New sentence with D.O.P.: I want it.
What are the D.O.P.s in Spanish? me = menos = us te = you (familiar) ================ lo / la = you (formal), him, her, it los / las = you, them
Placement of the D.O.P. The D.O.P. is placed BEFORE the conjugated verb. Example) Quiero la camisa. La quiero. D.O.P. replaces camisa conj. verb
Placement of the D.O.P. If there are TWO verbs (one conjugated and one infinitive), the D.O.P. can be attached to the infinitive. Example) Quiero comrar la camisa. La quiero comprar. OR Quiero comprarla.
How do I know which D.O.P. to use? 1 st – Decide if the noun/pronoun you are replacing is masculine or feminine. Masculine – me, te, lo, nos, los Femenine – me, te, la, nos, las 2 nd – Decide if the noun/pronoun you are replacing is singular or plural. Singular – me, te, lo, la Plural – nos, los, las Figure out which D.O.P. to use based on the above steps.
EXAMPLE Quiero comprar el disco compacto de Rhiana. Our D.O. is el disco compacto. We know that it is just one, so singular. me, te, lo, or la are our choices We know that it is masculine based on the object el me, te, or lo We know that it is not a person, so the D.O.P. has to be lo.
Your Turn… Necesito comer la cena antes de dormir. What is your D.O.? Is it masculine or feminine? Is it singular or plural? Is it a person or an object? What is your final answer?
Answer If you answered la, youre right! La necesito comer antes de dormir. La replaces cena.