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3B – El imperativo negativo Negative Commands. A. El imperativo formal.

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Presentation on theme: "3B – El imperativo negativo Negative Commands. A. El imperativo formal."— Presentation transcript:

1 3B – El imperativo negativo Negative Commands

2 A. El imperativo formal

3 Just add No to make the command negative. (Just add –n on to the verb to make the command plural. Add Uds if you wish.) Affirmative Negative Hable No hable(n) Ud(s) Coma No coma Duerma No duerma Pague No pague Comience No comience Haga No haga Oiga No oiga Ponga No ponga Vaya No vaya

4 B. Lets Commands

5 Just add No to make the Lets command negative. Affirmative Negative Hablemos – Lets talk No hablemos – Lets not talk Comamos No comamos Durmamos No durmamos Paguemos No paguemos Comencemos No comencemos Hagamos No hagamos Oigamos No oigamos Pongamos No pongamos Tengamos No tengamos

6 C. El imperativo familiar

7 To form the negative familiar commands there are 3 steps. 1. Find the polite command 2. Place no before the verb 3. Add an s to the end Ejemplo: Caminar 1. camine 2. no camine 3. no camines Dont walk.

8 parar 1. pare 2. no pare 3. no pares Dont stop.

9 cerrar 1. cierre 2. no cierre 2. no cierres Dont close.

10 pedir 1. pida 2. no pida 3. no pidas Dont order/request.

11 volver 1. vuelva 2. no vuelva 3. no vuelvas Dont return.

12 salir 1. salga 2. no salga 3. no salgas Dont leave.

13 estar esté no esté no estés Dont be

14 ir vaya no vaya no vayas Dont go

15 But…..Negative Commands with Pronouns

16 Pronouns must be placed before the verb in negative commands.

17 A. POLITE COMMANDS Affirmative CommandNegative Command Llámeme. - Call me. No me llame.- Dont call me. Póngaselo. – Put it on. No se lo ponga. - Dont put it on. Devuélvala. – Return it. No la devuelva.- Dont return it. Díganmelo. – Tell it to me. No me lo digan. - Dont tell it to me. Escríbanlas. – Write them No las escriban. - Dont write them. Levántense.- Get up. No se levanten. - Dont get up. In the negative command, the pronoun is placed before the verb. *In the negative command, there is no accent.

18 B. LETS COMMANDS Affirmative CommandNegative Command Llámemoslo.– Lets call him. No lo llamemos.- Lets not call him. Póngamonoslos.– Lets put them on No nos los pongamos – Lets not put them on. Devolvámosla. – Lets return it. No la devolvamos.- Lets not return it. Dígámosles. – Lets tell them. No les digamos. – Lets not tell them. Digámoselo.- Lets tell it to them. No se lo digamos – Lets not tell it to them Escríbámoslas. – Lets write them. No las escribamos. –Lets not write them. Levantémonos.- Lets get up. No nos levantemos. – Lets not get up. *In the negative command, the pronoun is placed before the verb. In the negative command, there is no accent. Dont forget: Indirect before direct. Dont forget: le becomes se in front of lo, la, los or las Dont forget: drop the s on levantemos when adding nos

19 C. FAMILIAR COMMANDS Affirmative CommandNegative Command Llámame. - Call me. No me llames.- Dont call me. Póntelo. – Put it on. No te lo pongas. - Dont put it on. Devuélvela. – Return it. No la devuelvas.- Dont return it. Dímelo. – Tell it to me. No me lo digas. - Dont tell it to me. Escríbelas. – Write them. No las escribas. - Dont write them. Levántate.- Get up. No te levantes. - Dont get up. Dont forget the 3 steps: change to the polite command, add no, add s. Place the pronoun before the verb. In the negative command, there is no accent. Dont forget: Indirect before direct. Dont forget: le becomes se in front of lo, la, los or las Dont forget: drop the s on levantemos when adding nos

20 Negative Commands – Notice all pronouns are placed before the verb. A. Polite No me las cante Ud.. Dont sing them to me. No lo haga Ud. Dont do it. No tenga Ud. fiesta. Dont have a party. B. Lets No estemos aquí mañana. Lets not be here tomorrow. No la cerramos. Lets not close it. No les digamos la verdad. Lets not tell the truth to them. C. Familiar No me la digas. Dont tell it to me. No se lo des. Dont give it to him. No te pongas los zapatos. Dont put on your shoes.

21 Change the affirmative command to the negative

22 A. Polite Place the no before the verb, place pronouns before the verb, remove accents. Dígame – Tell me. No me diga – Dont tell me. Manéjelo – Drive it. No lo maneje – Dont drive it. Cómpremelas – Buy them for me. No me las compre. – Dont buy them for me Lávese. – Wash. No se lave. – Dont wash. Tómela. – Take it. No la tome. – Dont take it. Prepáreselas. – Prepare them for her. No se las prepare. – Dont prepare them for her.

23 B. Lets Place the no before the verb, place pronouns before the verb, and remove accents. Digámosle. – Lets tell her. No le digamos. – Lets not tell her. Manejémoslo. – Lets drive it. No lo manejemos – Lets not drive it. Comprémoselas. – Lets buy them for him. No se las compremos. – Lets not buy them for him. Lavémonos. – Lets wash. No nos lavemos. – Lets not wash. Tomémosla. – Lets take it. No la tomemos. – Lets not take it. Preparémoselas. – Lets prepare them for her. No se las preparemos. – Lets not prepare them for her.

24 C. Familiar Change verb to the Polite command, place the no before the verb, place pronouns before the verb, add an s, and remove the accents. Dime. – Tell me. No me digas. – Dont tell me. Manéjalo. – Drive it. No lo manejes – Dont drive it. Cómpramelas. – Buy them for me. No me las compres. – Dont buy them for me Lávate. – Wash. No te laves. – Dont wash. Tómala. – Take it. No la tomes. – Dont take it. Prepáraselas. – Prepare them for her. No se las prepares. – Dont prepare them for her.

25 Gracias por su atención.


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