2 A verb is reflexive when the subject and the direct object receiving the action are the same.Ejemplo:I wash myself.Subject: IVerb: washObject: myselfSince the subject and the object are the same,the verb is reflexive.
3 Ejemplo NOT reflexive: I wash the car. Subject: IVerb: washObject: the carSince the subject and the object are different, the verb is not reflexive.
4 Other Examples: He bathes himself. Since the subject and the object are the same, the verb is reflexive.I bathe the dog.Since the subject and the object are different, the verb is NOT reflexive.
5 When a verb is reflexive in Spanish, the infinitive ends with “se.”lavar =lavarse =bañar =bañarse =to wash (not reflexive)to wash oneself (reflexive)to bathe (not reflexive)to bathe oneself (reflexive)
6 A verb you’ve been using since the beginning that is reflexive: llamarse = to call oneselfMe llamo Josefina.Él se llama Juanito.Ella se llama Marta.Ellos se llaman Gutiérrez.
7 You need to know a different set of pronouns for reflexives. The “se” is dropped from the end of theinfinitive. The verb is conjugated as a regularverb and you add a reflexive pronounbefore the verb.lavarse – to wash oneselfMe lavo. – I wash myself.
9 Present Tense: verbo “lavarse” me lavonos lavamoste lavasos laváisse lavase lavan
10 The purpose of the reflexive pronoun is to show that the action of the verb remains with the subject.Juan se lava la cara.= (Juan washes his face.)Juan lava su carro.= (Juan washes his car.)(reflexive)(not reflexive)
11 Note:Nearly all verbs can be made reflexive (when the action remains with the subject).ConocerConocerse(To know)(To know oneself)BañarBañarse(To bathe)(To bathe oneself)
12 When used with another verb such as “ir” Yo voy a bañarme.Nosotros vamos a bañarnos.Ellos se van a bañar.Josefina se va a bañar.When you have another verb first, you attach thecorrect pronoun to the end of the infinitive form of thereflexive verb or put it before the first verb.
13 Common reflexive verbs: irselavarsevestirselevantarsedespertarsemaquillarsepeinarseafeitarse= to go away= to wash oneself= to dress oneself= to get up= to wake up= to put on makeup= to comb one’s hair= to shave oneself
14 Special-use reflexive verbs: ponersequitarserompersequemarse+ article of clothing – to put on+ article of clothing – to take off+ article of clothing – to tear+ part of body – to break+ part of body – to burn
15 Más ejemplos: bañarse = to take a bath secarse = to dry oneself ducharse = to take a showerabrocharse los cordones = to tie one’sshoelacescepillarse los dientes = to brush one’s teethcortarse el pelo = to cut one’s hairdesabrocharse los cordones = to untieone’s shoes
16 Y más: acostarse (ue) = to go to bed dormirse (ue) = to fall asleep lastimarse el dedo = to hurt one’s fingerlavarse la cabeza = to wash one’s hairlimarse las uñas = to file one’s nails
17 Y los últimos: limpiarse los dientes = to brush one’s teeth pintarse los labios = to put lipstick ontorcerse el tobillo (ue) = to twist one’s ankle
18 Check Your Knowledge! I wash my face. Me lavo la cara. He goes away. We put on makeup.They get up.I burnt my finger.All of you get dressed.You put on your jacket.Me lavo la cara.Se va.Nos maquillamos.Se levantan.Me quemé el dedo.Ustedes se visten.Te pones la chaqueta.