Presentation on theme: "Los verbos reflexivos Reflexive Verbs By Jami Sipe."— Presentation transcript:
Los verbos reflexivos Reflexive Verbs By Jami Sipe
Ejemplo: A verb is reflexive when the subject and the direct object receiving the action are the same. I wash myself. Subject: I Verb: wash Object: myself Since the subject and the object are the same, reflexive. the verb is reflexive.
Ejemplo NOT NOT reflexive: I wash the car. Subject: I Verb: wash Object: the car not Since the subject and the object are different, the verb is not reflexive.
Other Examples: He bathes himself. is reflexive Since the subject and the object are the same, the verb is reflexive. I bathe the dog. NOT reflexive Since the subject and the object are different, the verb is NOT reflexive.
When a verb is reflexive in Spanish, the infinitive ends with se. lavar = lavarse = bañar = bañarse = not to wash (not reflexive) reflexive to wash oneself (reflexive) not to bathe (not reflexive) reflexive to bathe oneself (reflexive)
A verb youve been using since the beginning that is reflexive: llamarse llamarse = to call oneself Me llamo Josefina. Él se llama Juanito. Ella se llama Marta. Ellos se llaman Gutiérrez.
You need to know a different set of pronouns for reflexives. se The se is dropped from the end of the infinitive. The verb is conjugated as a regular verb and you add a reflexive pronoun before the verb. lavarse – to wash oneself Me lavo. – I wash myself.
Reflexive Pronouns te – yourself (familiar) os – yourselves (familiar - Spain) me – myself nos – ourselves se – yourselves/ themselves se – yourself (formal) / himself/herself
Present Tense: verbo lavarse te lavas os laváis me lavonos lavamos se lavanse lava
The purpose of the reflexive pronoun is to show that the action of the verb remains with the subject. Juan se lava la cara. = (Juan washes his face.) Juan lava su carro. = (Juan washes his car.)(reflexive) (not reflexive)
Note: Nearly Nearly all verbs can be made reflexive (when the action remains with the subject). Conocer Conocerse (To know) (To know oneself) Bañar Bañarse (To bathe) (To bathe oneself)
When used with another verb such as ir Yo voy a bañarme. Nosotros vamos a bañarnos. Ellos se van a bañar. Josefina se va a bañar. When you have another verb first, you attach the correct pronoun to the end of the infinitive form of the reflexive verb or put it before the first verb.
Common reflexive verbs: = to go away = to wash oneself = to dress oneself = to get up = to wake up = to put on makeup = to comb ones hair = to shave oneself irse lavarse vestirse levantarse despertarse maquillarse peinarse afeitarse
+ article of clothing – to put on + article of clothing – to take off + article of clothing – to tear + part of body – to break + part of body – to burn ponerse quitarse romperse quemarse Special-use reflexive verbs:
Más ejemplos: bañarse = to take a bath secarse = to dry oneself ducharse = to take a shower abrocharse los cordones = to tie ones shoelaces cepillarse los dientes = to brush ones teeth cortarse el pelo = to cut ones hair desabrocharse los cordones = to untie ones shoes
Y más: acostarse (ue) = to go to bed dormirse (ue) = to fall asleep lastimarse el dedo = to hurt ones finger lavarse la cabeza = to wash ones hair limarse las uñas = to file ones nails
Y los últimos: limpiarse los dientes = to brush ones teeth pintarse los labios = to put lipstick on torcerse el tobillo (ue) = to twist ones ankle
Me lavo la cara. Se va. Nos maquillamos. Se levantan. Me quemé el dedo. Ustedes se visten. Te pones la chaqueta. I wash my face. He goes away. We put on makeup. They get up. I burnt my finger. All of you get dressed. You put on your jacket. Check Your Knowledge!