Presentation on theme: "The Origins of Early Government in the Colonies"— Presentation transcript:
1The Origins of Early Government in the Colonies Magna CartaThe Mayflower CompactThe Virginia House of BurgessesFundamental Orders of ConnecticutDeclaration of Rights, 1689
2England Government“Divine Rights” belief that the king was God’s choice to rule on earthA monarch has absolute power over his nationA monarch appoints government officials who answer to him not the peopleA monarch passed laws without the peoples consent or input
4The Magna Carta, 1215King John, an English King constantly demanded money and men for wars from his feudal barons.The feudal barons in 1215 forced King John agrees that he had “no right” to demand their property without their consent. Their consent was to be agreed upon in a grand council.King must now get consent of the people
5The Magna Carta Important aspects of the Magna Carta: First Time a King gave up any power to the people.there must be a set of laws governing (precedents) how the King and his subjects will deal with each other.the King is not the highest authority and that he is bound by a higher law that limits his authority.
6Magna Carta 1215He agreed that the King could not raisse taxes without first getting it approved by the Great CouncilNobles and freeman should not be punished without a trial by jury.
7Colonial Government King appointed the governor in his place Governor appointed by King and had final say on lawsAssemblies made laws, passed taxes, paid governor’s salary which made the governor listen to the assemblies
9Virginia House of Burgesses 1619 the first elected representative government appears in Virginia.House of Burgesses imposed taxes and ran the colonyIt is modeled after the English Parliament.English Parliament was England’s lawmaking elected government.
10Colonial GovernmentColonial governments like the House of Burgesses elect their own representativesRepresentatives impose taxes, fines and managed colonial affairsColonists believe they are Englishmen and should have a say in their governmentColonists are used to running their governments on their own, the English have let the colonies get used to this
12Mayflower Compact, 16201620, Pilgrims arriving near the New England Coast agree to write a contract that allows for self-government.The Mayflower Compact promised that every adult male would vote for the Governor and his advisors on a yearly basis.It supports the idea of majority rule.
14Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, 1639 First written constitution in North America. It was the work of a Puritan clergyman, Thomas Hooker.It was an outline for self-government of the colony. The well being of the community came before the individual.Adult males elected a governor, assistants, and a legislative assembly to make laws for the community.
15English Bill of Rights, 1689Monarchs William of Orange and Mary agree to give Parliament and people have more power under Bills of rights than the monarchs:Parliament agrees on laws not the kingRaise taxesParliament okays the raising of an armyParliament and public have free speech against the governmentTrial by juryElections and debatesThese ideals are inclued in the Bill of rights attached to the American Constitution. As English citizens, colonists were protected by the bill.
16Freedom of the Press John Peter Zenger Trial, 1735 Arrested for exposing governor’s corruption in his paperCharged with seditious libelWins freedom of press and papers will begin to address political issues
17Ticket out the door Colonial Government How did the King govern the colonies?What important English Rights did the colonist gain from the following dates. 1215, 1689?What is a representative government?Who had more power in the colonial government system. The king, governor or the assemblies?Compare and contrast a monarchy and a representative government. (use a double bubble)Create an illustrated Flow Map on representative government in colonial America.