Presentation on theme: "GUIDED GROUP WORK IN MATHEMATICS"— Presentation transcript:
1GUIDED GROUP WORK IN MATHEMATICS Guided group work is about providing opportunity for extended talk, with groups of children selected for a particular purposeAllow about an hour and a half for this staff meeting.
2Guided group work Is integral to quality-first teaching Is informed by detailed assessment of particular children’s learning with opportunities for further assessmentInvolves grouping children with a shared and current learning need.Has a very clear teacher role in scaffolding and supporting learningInvolves the giving of clear feedback to children on the focus of learning and the progress made
3Guided Group Work‘Working with a group can provide assessment information that is more difficult to capture in the whole-class context; it provides an opportunity to discuss the mathematics in more detail with individuals in the group. The focused attention given to a group helps to inform future planning and teaching. It also gives children who are not active contributors in the whole class the opportunity to participate more directly, share their ideas and extend their learning within a small group of peers.’ (P67)Williams Review – June 2008Time to read quote from Williams ReviewKey words –Assessment – listening and observing are easier;Discuss – linked to mental strategiesFocused – meeting specific needs (intervention; m/a)Participate – quieter children; thinking time; all-girls groupGuided groups may happen during a maths lesson (in the main part of the lesson) or in addition to the maths lesson e.g. alternate weeks with guided reading. Flexible in terms of length.
4Why have guided sessions? Focus on a concept, skill or strategy that assessment shows a group have not learntPre-teachingAcceleration of slow moving childrenChallenge more ableAssessment (APP)Discussion with ‘hidden’ childrenDevelop reasoning skills and mathematical languageFollowing discussion, give out guided group work handout and give teachers time to read (purpose/identification/strategies)The following 3 slides are the key points from this handout. Reinforce any points that have not come out in discussion so far.
5How do I identify these children? Day to day assessment for learning e.g. plenary discussions, marking, self and peer assessment etc.Following a planned assessment activityPeriodic assessment shows underperforming groupsFeedback from TAFollowing up previous guided group sessionsAbility groups (flexible)Children need to be carefully identified – not just blue group on Monday, red group on Tuesday….Following a planned assessment activity e.g. maybe more able have done really well, and you have them as a guided group to see just how far they can go.May well be an ability groupALL children should have guided group work including Wave 3 and more able
6What strategies should I use? This depends on the purpose of the session,but will probably include:Share LO, and ensure children know what they have learnt, linking to whole class workScaffold (provide support) if necessary and guide discussions, but reduce as children’s confidence growsObserve and challenge using probing questionsFocus on language and reasoning – aim for a high percentage of children talkInvolve all children – paired, individual and group workEncourage risk taking
7Pyramids Explain grid – ask them to complete it. Agree top number is 20.If I added one to each of the numbers on the bottom, what would the number on the top be?Agree top number is 28Ask staff to identify any patterns or properties they can see between the numbers within the grid.•In the second row all the numbers are odd; in the third and fourth rows, all the numbers are even.•The total at the top of the grid is twice the total of the numbers on the bottom row.•The difference between adjacent numbers on the bottom row is 1, between adjacent numbers on the second row is 2 and between numbers on the third row is 4.•The middle number in the second row is scaled up by 4 to give the total at the top.•The total of the first and fourth numbers on the bottom row is equal to the total of the middle numbers on the bottom row.•The top total is equal to the total of the two outer numbers on the bottom row multiplied by 4Build up pyramid using the calculations rather then numbers in different colours.Ask staff to summarise what they see in the pyramid. Feedback may include:•The first and last numbers (from the bottom row) appear once in the final calculation.•The second and third (middle) numbers appear three times each in the final calculation.Invite staff to say what they think the top number will be if they add 5 to each of the four numbers in the bottom row.Suppose we add 5 to each number in the first row, what will happen to the top number?•The total will change from 20, the original top number, to 60because we have added 40: 5 + (5 3) + (5 3) + 5.
8Pyramids excel spreadsheet Tools – options formula barThe numbers on the bottom row are consecutive.Excel spreadsheet ‘addition and subtraction pyramids’ 1st tab (+ and – consec.) make top number 84If we know the top number what are the other numbers? The numbers at the bottom are CONSECUTIVE.84 ÷ 4 = 21, then 21 ÷ 2 = 10.5 so numbers on bottom row are (other ways also)84 ÷ 2 = 22 = sum of numbers on bottom row so 22 ÷ 4 = 10.5 so bottom row numbers aree.g. algebraically8a+124a a+82a a a+5a a a a+3What skillls will children be using?Children will be using mental calculation skills, reasoning skills and using and applying those to the maths.
9Guided Maths Video Handout the Y5 and Y3 examples. Hand out Y3 pyramid example… Ts read through notes –Explain context of video6 children,levels 1 x 2c, 1 x 2a, 4 x 3c, all Y3s,December 2007 (week before Christmas!)Hollywall 1-form entry,….show Y3 guided maths video.
10What should we see in a Guided Group session? Exploring the MathematicsCollaborative workEffective ListeningScaffoldingBuilding ConfidenceInclusion
11Guided group work in mathematics provides focused opportunities to: Develop children’s use of mathematical languageEngage selected children in sustained dialogue and mental mathematicsUse models and imagesIntroduce and apply new notation and symbols to support recordingPromote a ‘can do’ approachReview the presentation, accuracy and efficiency of methods avoiding any sense a method is right or wrongLanguage to explain and reasonModels and images that support aspects of learning and thinking these children find difficultA can do approach to to problem solving and enquiry within a self-supporting group
12Potential Obstacles Work produced could be of a low standard Pupils mis-understand what is required of themSome pupils struggle to work independentlyCertain pupils display off-task behaviourSmall number of pupils do not complete the task set‘Stuck’ pupils unsure what to do next…..
13Practical ways to deal with potential obstacles High expectations of standards of learning and behaviourMaking learning intentions clearThe learning environment ( how can it be used to support independent learning?)Strategies to develop and support pupils working independentlyGive out sheets of flipchart paper… what would you see happening in the classroom / teacher doing / pupils doingBefore guided maths happens (as routing or as part of the lesson before guided maths part of the lesson).Sam to exemplify for learning wall.Take feedback … prompt for explicit strategies.SummaryLink invisible pupils / guided maths … what do the invisible pupils need during the guided maths session… consider the things which were obstacles to learning … your challenge is to consider how best to use the guided part of the lesson to address their learning needs.
14Developing independence Stop Think Use Clues KidsModel ‘stuckness’Talk partners, special thinkerDifferentiationResilienceWe only learn when we make mistakesTrial and improvementUse the good practise from guided reading and writing for guided maths. This slide is about how to manage the rest of the class whilst you are working with the guided group.
17Key Actions Teach a guided group daily Use your day to day assessment to inform your guided sessionsDon’t forget to show on your planning your guided groupsUse the guided sessions to inform your assessments of your pupilsHave a range of activities for guided – knowledge, skills and problem solving!!!