Presentation on theme: " “Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.”- Anonymous. Ideally this sentiment would be fascinating if it were true. Unfortunately, our concept of beauty."— Presentation transcript:
“Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.”- Anonymous. Ideally this sentiment would be fascinating if it were true. Unfortunately, our concept of beauty is influenced by outside influences. How is beauty defined in America?
River of Sorrows Chinese civilization developed along the Huang He or Yellow River. As the Loess would settle at the river bottom it would raise the water level causing floods and destroying crops.
Oracle Bones On animals or turtle shells, Shang priests wrote questions to the gods. Priests would heat the bone or shell until it cracked. The cracks provided answers or advice. Calligraphy Currently, the Chinese use calligraphy to create more than tens of thousands of characters.
Chapter 4 Section 4 Philosophy and Religion in China
Unlike Buddha, Confucius took little interest in religious matters, instead he developed a philosophy, or a system of ideas to ensure social order and good government.
1. Father to son 2. Elder brother to younger brother 3. Husband to wife 4. ruler to subject 5. Friend to friend Confucius believed that superiors should care for their inferiors and set a good example, while inferiors owed loyalty and obedience to their superiors.
Confucius put filial piety, or respect for parents, above all other duties.
A ruler should provide good government and in return the people will be respectful and loyal. Confucius believed that government oFFICIALs should be well educated.
1. 1 IN EVERY 200 MEN IN Asia is a descendant of Genghis Khan 2. Physically, Genghis is described as tall, long-bearded, red-haired and bluish-green- eyed. 3. Temujin was born with a blood clot grasped in his fist, a traditional sign that he was destined to become a great leader. 4. According to some historians, they estimated that Genghis Khan’s campaigns killed as many as 40 million people.
“ The Nature of man is evil.” Hanfeizi believed the only way to achieve order was to pass strict laws and impose harsh punishments. Strength, not goodness was a ruler’s greatest virtue.
The founder of Daoism was known as Laozi. Unlike Confucianism and Legalism, Daoism was not concerned with bringing order to human affairs. Instead, Daoists sought to live in Harmony with nature. Daoists rejected conflict and strife. Daoists viewed government as unnatural and the cause of many problems. Daoists, believed the best government was one that governed the least.
1. How did the beliefs of Confucius differ from that of Hanfeizi? 2. What is filial piety? Why do you think Confucius held this relationship in the highest regard? 3. How did Daoists view government? Why do you think the Daoists viewed government in that manner? 4. Create a three boxed chart, then write the differences and similarities between Daoism,Confucianism,Legalism.