Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 10: Inner and East Asia 600-1200. The Sui Dynasty (581-618) Yang Jian (Sui Wendi) Yang Jian (Sui Wendi) Established capital at Chang’an Established.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Chapter 10: Inner and East Asia 600-1200. The Sui Dynasty (581-618) Yang Jian (Sui Wendi) Yang Jian (Sui Wendi) Established capital at Chang’an Established."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 10: Inner and East Asia

2 The Sui Dynasty ( ) Yang Jian (Sui Wendi) Yang Jian (Sui Wendi) Established capital at Chang’an Established capital at Chang’an What did the Han Dynasty (Liu Bang) declare was the state philosophy? What did the Han Dynasty (Liu Bang) declare was the state philosophy? Used Daoism and Buddhism to unify China Used Daoism and Buddhism to unify China Founded Buddhist monasteries and appointed Buddhist monks as political advisors Founded Buddhist monasteries and appointed Buddhist monks as political advisors

3 Sui Dynasty cont. What was the Sui Dynasty’s greatest construction project? What was the Sui Dynasty’s greatest construction project? Completion of the Grand Canal Completion of the Grand Canal aka the artificial Nile aka the artificial Nile approx mi long approx mi long links Yellow and Yangtze Rivers links Yellow and Yangtze Rivers Facilitated trade, communication and the transportation of goods Facilitated trade, communication and the transportation of goods Also allowed for troops to be quickly dispatched to troubled areas of the empire Also allowed for troops to be quickly dispatched to troubled areas of the empire

4

5 Sui Dynasty cont. Sui Yangdi was tyrannical and waged expensive military campaigns Sui Yangdi was tyrannical and waged expensive military campaigns After his death, Sui Dynasty died as well After his death, Sui Dynasty died as well For more info on the Grand Canal:

6 Tang Dynasty ( ) Founded by Li Yuan Founded by Li Yuan Pushed aside by son Li Shimin Pushed aside by son Li Shimin Took title Tang Taizong Took title Tang Taizong Expanded empire-? Expanded empire-How? Established a tributary system as a result Established a tributary system as a result

7 Buddhism and the Tang Empire Influence of Buddhism on Politics Influence of Buddhism on Politics Importance of Mahayana Importance of Mahayana Expansion of the empire Expansion of the empire Interaction w/Central Asia and India increased Interaction w/Central Asia and India increased While many converted to Buddhism and Confucianism, many regions kept their own local religions and traditions While many converted to Buddhism and Confucianism, many regions kept their own local religions and traditions Tang Empire-”cosmopolitan” Tang Empire-”cosmopolitan” Explain what this means.

8 Civil Service Examination Process used to select public servants Process used to select public servants Could not prevent aristocratic influence Could not prevent aristocratic influence Primary path to a career in government Primary path to a career in government Relatives of employees were not permitted to take the exam Relatives of employees were not permitted to take the exam Included questions about Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism-? Included questions about Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism-Why?

9 Economy and Society Economy grew in size and complexity Economy grew in size and complexity Still mainly agricultural Still mainly agricultural Most land owned by aristocratic families Most land owned by aristocratic families Peasants overburdened by taxes forced into serfdom or slavery Peasants overburdened by taxes forced into serfdom or slavery Tang Dynasty tried to reduce noble’s power and maximize tax revenue by adopting an “equal field” system Tang Dynasty tried to reduce noble’s power and maximize tax revenue by adopting an “equal field” system What is an “equal field” system?

10 Economy cont. Led to increased rural prosperity and gov’t revenue when enforced Led to increased rural prosperity and gov’t revenue when enforced Aristocracy learned how to manipulate the system Aristocracy learned how to manipulate the system Began accumulating large tracts of land Began accumulating large tracts of land Increase in population Increase in population Period of social stability Period of social stability These pressured the government systems These pressured the government systems Tang Dynasty failed to resolve these problems Tang Dynasty failed to resolve these problems

11 Economy cont. What were some of the innovations of this time period? mastered art of steel manufacturing Introduction of cotton led to new textiles Invention of gunpowder

12 Trade Gov’t was leery of trade so they kept monopolies over key commodities Gov’t was leery of trade so they kept monopolies over key commodities ex. salt ex. salt Paper currency introduced 8 th /9 th cent. Paper currency introduced 8 th /9 th cent. Not backed by metal coins Not backed by metal coins What happened as a result?

13 Trade cont. Introduction of credit Introduction of credit Led to developments In banking Led to developments In banking Complex calculations made easier w/the invention of the abacus Complex calculations made easier w/the invention of the abacus Silk Road was revived and reached its peak during this time Silk Road was revived and reached its peak during this time Chang’an became the eastern end of the Silk Road Chang’an became the eastern end of the Silk Road Became very rich! Became very rich! Canton became major port in Southern China Canton became major port in Southern China Brought the bubonic plague Brought the bubonic plague

14 Trade cont. What were some of the traded goods? Chinese viewed the world in a hierarchical manner Chinese viewed the world in a hierarchical manner How does the tributary system illustrate that?

15 Uighur and Tibetan Empires Why were the Uighurs so important to trade? What role did Tibet play in the Tang Empire after the fall of the Uighurs?

16 Upheavals and Repression Buddhism seen as undermining Confucian ideas of family and as a model for the state Buddhism seen as undermining Confucian ideas of family and as a model for the state Push for a return to Confucianism Push for a return to Confucianism Why else did the government want to return to Confucianism? What happened as a result?

17 The End of the Tang Empire Military campaigns and overburdened tax system contributed to the empire’s downfall Military campaigns and overburdened tax system contributed to the empire’s downfall Internal strife-rebellions, funding cuts for the military, political and cultural disintegration Internal strife-rebellions, funding cuts for the military, political and cultural disintegration

18 The Song Dynasty states emerged after the Tang: 3 states emerged after the Tang: 1. Liao Empire (Khitan) North North Gov’t centered on cities, but leaders preferred nomad camps Gov’t centered on cities, but leaders preferred nomad camps 2. Tangguts (Minyak) West West Connected to the Tang Empire Connected to the Tang Empire 3. Song Dynasty Central China Central China

19 Song Dynasty cont. Competition b/t the groups was inevitable Competition b/t the groups was inevitable All three empires were very different- ? All three empires were very different- How? Song was cut off from Inner and Central Asia Song was cut off from Inner and Central Asia What did they do as a result?

20 Song Dynasty cont. Founded by Song Taisu Founded by Song Taisu Could not take over the Khitan people Could not take over the Khitan people Established Kaifeng where the Grand Canal intersects the Yellow River Established Kaifeng where the Grand Canal intersects the Yellow River When pressure from the north increased, moved capital further south to Hangzhou When pressure from the north increased, moved capital further south to Hangzhou On the coast of the Yangtze River delta On the coast of the Yangtze River delta Emperors here known as the Southern Song Emperors here known as the Southern Song Also lost control over Tibet Also lost control over Tibet Despite political and military problems, ruled during economically prosperous time Despite political and military problems, ruled during economically prosperous time

21 The Liao and Jin Challenge

22 Liao and Jin Challenge cont. Liao Empire ( ) Liao Empire ( ) Siberia to Central Asia Siberia to Central Asia Pastoral traditions Pastoral traditions Encouraged people to keep their individuality Encouraged people to keep their individuality How? Introduced siege machines Introduced siege machines 1005: Song Dynasty began paying them an annual tribute of cash and silk…continued for more than a century 1005: Song Dynasty began paying them an annual tribute of cash and silk…continued for more than a century Eventually got sick of paying Eventually got sick of paying

23 Liao and Jin challenge cont. What did the Song do as a result? Who were the Jurchens? From Manchuria From Manchuria Eventually became enemies of the Song Eventually became enemies of the Song 1127-capturedSong Kaifeng 1127-capturedSong Kaifeng Northern China left in Jurchen control Northern China left in Jurchen control Song allied themselves with the Mongols Song allied themselves with the Mongols

24 Civil Service Examination 3 levels of exams given: 3 levels of exams given: 1. Qualifying exam If pass, qualified for position, but most likely got positions at the local level as village teachers If pass, qualified for position, but most likely got positions at the local level as village teachers 2. Could take the next exam; given every three years at the imperial capital Could apply for official positions Could apply for official positions 3. Final exam-given every three years at the imperial palace Those who pass were eligible for high positions in the central bureaucracy or as district magistrates Those who pass were eligible for high positions in the central bureaucracy or as district magistrates

25 Exams cont. Ignored claims of cheating Ignored claims of cheating Exams were open to all males except criminals and members of restricted occupations Exams were open to all males except criminals and members of restricted occupations Set up schools to provide education for potential candidates Set up schools to provide education for potential candidates Still did not provide equal opportunity Still did not provide equal opportunity Open only to males Open only to males Gov’t did not offer basic education Gov’t did not offer basic education Only those in upper classes could enter state schools Only those in upper classes could enter state schools Gov’t full of corruption and infighting Gov’t full of corruption and infighting Used positions to help family members get jobs- did not see that as nepotism- ? Used positions to help family members get jobs- did not see that as nepotism- Why not?

26 Industry, Economy and Society during the Song What were the scientific/technological advances during the Song Dynasty? Civil man outranked military man Civil man outranked military man New interpretations of Confucian teachings emerged New interpretations of Confucian teachings emerged Called neo-Confucianism Called neo-Confucianism Who was Zhu Xi? Why was he important to the neo-Confucian movement? How did Buddhism change during this time which allowed it to continue in China?

27 Industry. Economy and society in the Song Dynasty cont. What were the social implications for passing the civil service exams? What were the negative social implications for failing the exam? How did moveable type change the exam? How did moveable type change country life?

28 Economy and society in the Song Dynasty Agriculture is still profitable Agriculture is still profitable What was city life like in Hangzhou? Began using credit- ? Began using credit- what did it depend on? Use of paper money caused severe inflation Use of paper money caused severe inflation Land no longer the main source of wealth Land no longer the main source of wealth

29 Economy and society in Song Dynasty How did the role of women in society change as society moved back towards Confucianism? What were the two ways in which marriage customs changed during this time?

30 New Kingdoms in East Asia Did not rely on the civil service exam Did not rely on the civil service exam Most gov’t positions went to the higher classes Most gov’t positions went to the higher classes Rich learned to read Chinese and Confucian classics Rich learned to read Chinese and Confucian classics

31 Korea Conquered by the Chinese during the Han Dynasty Conquered by the Chinese during the Han Dynasty After Han Dynasty collapsed in 220 CE, broke free of Chinese rule After Han Dynasty collapsed in 220 CE, broke free of Chinese rule Remained a vassal of China Remained a vassal of China Sui and Tang tried to take them over but failed Sui and Tang tried to take them over but failed Korea maintained independence but had tributary status Korea maintained independence but had tributary status “younger brother/older brother” relationship with China “younger brother/older brother” relationship with China

32 Korea cont. 20% of the land was farmable 20% of the land was farmable Main contribution: woodblock printing Main contribution: woodblock printing How did this work?

33 Japan Never fell under Chinese rule but adopted cultural hegemony Never fell under Chinese rule but adopted cultural hegemony Most Chinese ideas in Japan came by way of Korea Most Chinese ideas in Japan came by way of Korea A lot of immigration to Japan from China and Korea A lot of immigration to Japan from China and Korea 11% farmable land 11% farmable land Japanese gov’t sent ppl to China to learn and adopt Chinese models Japanese gov’t sent ppl to China to learn and adopt Chinese models

34 Japan cont. Did not copy everything-. Did not copy everything-Explain. Fujiwara (645) Fujiwara (645) Adopted Chinese culture, religion and gov’t to unify Japan Adopted Chinese culture, religion and gov’t to unify Japan 646 Taika reforms (“great change”) 646 Taika reforms (“great change”) Consolidated administration Consolidated administration Extensive road construction Extensive road construction Abolished private ownership of land and established equal field system Abolished private ownership of land and established equal field system Land redistributed w/generational change Land redistributed w/generational change

35 Japan cont. 710-established new capital modeled after Chang’an in Nara 710-established new capital modeled after Chang’an in Nara Emperor also served as chief priest of Shinto Emperor also served as chief priest of Shinto Why didn’t the dynasty ever change? Began to record historyin Nihon Shoki (written in Chinese) Began to record history in Nihon Shoki (written in Chinese) Wrote legends in Kojiki (Japanses/Chinese mix) Wrote legends in Kojiki (Japanses/Chinese mix)

36 Japan cont. How were women treated? How did they contribute to Japanese culture? increase in military values increase in military values Established Kamakura shogunate-. Established Kamakura shogunate-explain. Emergence of the samurai Emergence of the samurai

37 Vietnam (Annam) Political and economic life centered on the Red River Valley in the north and the Mekong River valley in the south Political and economic life centered on the Red River Valley in the north and the Mekong River valley in the south Why was agriculture possible? What did they grow? Elites adopted many parts of Chinese culture as well Elites adopted many parts of Chinese culture as well

38 Vietnam cont. Dai Viet (936) Dai Viet (936) How did Champa rival Dai Viet? How did they interact with the Song Dynasty? How did the role of women in Vietnam differ from the role of women in China, Japan and Korea?


Download ppt "Chapter 10: Inner and East Asia 600-1200. The Sui Dynasty (581-618) Yang Jian (Sui Wendi) Yang Jian (Sui Wendi) Established capital at Chang’an Established."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google