3 5. What are the functions of the skeletal system? Axial Skeleton protection, attachment, movement, supportAppendicular Skeleton attachment, movement, support, blood cell formation & mineral reservoir.(calcium & phosphorus)
4 6. What are the functions of the vertebral column? Support and protect spinal cord
5 7. Name the types of bones. Which type is important for movement? Long (movement- muscle attachment)ShortFlatIrregular
6 9. How do the axial and appendicular skeletons differ in terms of their main function? Axial Skeleton protection, attachment, movement, supportAppendicular Skeleton attachment, movement, support, blood cell formation & mineral reservoir.(calcium & phosphorus)
7 12. What are the end and the shafts of a long bone called?
8 13. What would you find in the medullary cavity of a long bone? Yellow bone marrow
9 14. What factory affect the stability of a joint? Shape of bonesArea over which the bones are in contactFlexibility of the ligamentsOther soft tissue (muscles, tendons, joint capsule) how strong , loose they are…The more mobility the less stability.
10 Name and describe the types of synovial joints in the body Name and describe the types of synovial joints in the body. Which type of joint has the most movement?Gliding- btwn tarsals/carpalsHinge- elbow jointPivot- radioulnar jointCondyloid- radius and carpalsSaddle- carpal-metacarpal jointBall & socket- shoulder,hip (most movement)
11 16. How do fibrous, cartilagenous & synovial joints differ? Fibrous- no movement (skull)Cartilagenous- limited movement (vertebral column)Synovial- freely moving.
21 5. What are the opposites of these joint movements: flexion, abduction, medial rotation? ExtensionAdductionLateral (external rotation)
22 6. Describe pronation of the forearm. Medial rotation of the radioulnar joint, not the wrist.
23 7. How do concentric, eccentric and isometric muscle contractions differ? Concentric- muscle shortens during contractionEccentric – muscle lengthens during contractionIsometric- muscle does not move during contraction