2An Introduction to Shakespeare’s Theatre StarterWrite down three things that you know about William Shakespeare and his theatre.
3An Introduction to Shakespeare’s Theatre First we need to go back two and a half thousand years to 500BCE and Ancient Greece which is where Theatre as we know it today began.Complete Mini Task 1.
4The Theatre At Epidavros Near Athens An Introduction to Shakespeare’s TheatreThe Theatre At Epidavros Near Athens
5An Introduction to Shakespeare’s Theatre Artists drawing of what the theatre at Epidavros near Athens might have looked like.
6The Parts Of A Greek Theatre An Introduction to Shakespeare’s TheatreThe Parts Of A Greek TheatreComplete Mini Task 2
7An Introduction to Shakespeare’s Theatre There were 3-5 main actors and a chorus of singers/ dancers. All the actors were men and each actor would be expected to play a variety of roles in any play. However some actors only played serious parts in Tragedy while others were famous for the roles they played inComedies.CompleteMini Task 3
8An Introduction to Shakespeare’s Theatre Woman Man Old ManBoy ComedyExamples ofGreek Theatre Masks
9An Introduction to Shakespeare’s Theatre As well as masksر Ancient Greek actors wore long costumes . This allowed them to change characters very quickly as there were only a few actors in each play to play all the parts Complete Mini Task 4The Mask has become the international symbol for theatre.
10An Introduction to Shakespeare’s Theatre The Masks, representing Comedy and Tragedy,Have become the international symbol for theatre.Complete Mini Task 5
11An Introduction to Shakespeare’s Theatre We need to jump forward now about 1800 years to the Middle Ages in England. Theatre had ceased to exist after the fall of the Roman Empire. Church services in England were in Latin which ordinary, uneducated people did not speak. To help them understand the Bible, the priests in church started acting out stories from the Bible at festival times.
12An Introduction to Shakespeare’s Theatre Medieval Mystery Plays Now there was nothing on the telly and wasn’t going to be for another 700 years, so these ‘plays’ became very popular, so popular that they could no longer hold them inside the churches.
13Medieval Mystery Plays An Introduction to Shakespeare’s TheatreMedieval Mystery PlaysThe town craft guilds like the Candle-makers or the Shoemakers took over responsibility for performing one scene from the Bible story. For example the Shipmakers would perform the story of Noah and the Ark. These scenes were performedon carts that were takenaround the town. Theywould stop at fixed pointsand the guild memberswould perform their scene.Complete Mini Task 6
14Medieval Mystery Plays An Introduction to Shakespeare’s TheatreMedieval Mystery PlaysCopies of the scripts for some of these Mystery Cycles have survived for nearly 1000 years and are still performed today in cities like Chester, York and Wakefield.Complete Mini Task 8