2 Movie Clip From Monty Python and The Holy Grail What did you notice about the setting?What did you notice about the people?What does this say about the culture or the time period?
3 Rebirth of Drama Came from the Christian Church Most of the people could not read, so they used theatre to teach people about ChristianityLatin was used just like in MassPerformers: Priests, Nuns, Choirboys
4 5th to 15th CenturyBecame more and more elaborate, so they were eventually moved outdoorsThe drama eventually expanded beyond LatinAlso, members of the Parish became apart of the performances
5 Miracle Plays: based on legend of saints Mystery Plays: tell stories based on biblical historyPassion Play: tells the story of the last week in the life of Christ
6 First performed with Mansions Mansions: series of acting stations placed in a line, also called housesExamples: Heaven, Pilate’s House, Jerusalem, and Hell’s MouthHell’s Mouth: breathed fire and smoke, jaws opened and closed, the actors playing the wicked were pushed into it
8 Performed usually during Corpus Christi: a festival Late 14th century: medieval trade unions (guilds) took over the plays in EnglandPerformed usually during Corpus Christi: a festivalEach guild had its own part of the storyBakers: The Last SupperGoldsmiths: The Three WisemenShipwrights: Construction of the Ark
9 Pageant Wagons A stage on wheels Each guild had their own Two levels: Upper: platform stageLower: curtained for a dressing room
10 Audience stayed in one place as wagons traveled from town to town Cycle: series of short plays that depicted religious history from creation to the endGuilds competed against each other trying to make their pageant wagon performance the most elaborate
11 There were also some secular plays The Second Shepherd’s Play About a clever man named Mak who steals a sheep, and makes people believe it is his son by hiding it in a crib
12 First Acting Companies Groups of players who traveled around performing miracle and mystery playsChurch did not care for them, so they lost popularityLater, they found a new audience with the nobility
13 Morality Play More about right and wrong Usually consisted of symbolic characters who represented some extreme qualityEveryman is still performed todayWritten in Dutch in 1495Translated into English later
14 Other forms of TheatreInterludes: short, funny sketches performed in between serious playsChronicle Plays: based on historical eventsMasques: artistic spectacles that glorified the nobility and were for noble entertainment
15 Discussion Page 304If today’s trade unions or guilds performed plays to celebrate their crafts like in the middle ages, what stories might some of them choose?
16 SourcesSchanker, Harry H. and Katharine Anne Ommanney. The Stage and The School. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997.internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/.../puppets.html