Presentation on theme: "A brief historical overview. Theatre Grew out of religious rituals. City Dionysia - 7 day city wide celebration - celebrated Athens or polis -held in."— Presentation transcript:
A brief historical overview
Theatre Grew out of religious rituals. City Dionysia - 7 day city wide celebration - celebrated Athens or polis -held in March and April (depending on weather - magistrate selected the choregos (leader of chorus), who in turn selected chorus, music, costumes, and rehearsed chorus. - stories for plays taken from known myths.
- 3 days devoted to tragedy -Stories in between tragedies were Satyr plays (farces –comedies – where men dressed as half man/half goat) - Prizes award to both kinds of plays
The idea for physical theatre, where the plays were performed were taken from the circular harvested wheat fields. - Began with temporary sights - Acropolis – first large theatre site (constructed of wood, later enlarged in stone) Features: - Large open air amphitheatre - Seating disconnected from stage - Seated 14, Orchestra (or dancing place) contained the Altar to Dionysus
- seating divided into classes 1. leaders and Priests 2. townsmen 3. slaves let out of prison 4. women/children - Skene building (low building facing audience behind orchestra – used for storage and entrances)
- very little scenery used Think: Why? Discussion - machina behind skene to raise and lower characters (a crane with a platform) Task : given these clues how would you draw it? Take a moment and sketch it out.
- citizenship restricted to adult males - Greek society was based on the participation of tribes that made up the governing body (this was overseen by the magistrate that chose the choregos – a privilege) - Privilege to attend the festival to see and be seen. The city state knew then how important you were.
- dithyramabic chorus (drama originated in the singing to praise the Gods – chanting. We are unsure what it sounded like. But it was done in the dancing place). Made up of 50 men but later reduced to 15, where it was to remain. - Thespis (1 st actor to step from the chorus of men – 6 th century)
- 2 nd actor shortly followed, to give 1 st actor someone to talk to. Dialogue!!! - 3 rd actor followed that, for conflict. This actor could solve problems or present problems. - all characters played by men - female characters played by men in both tragedy and comedy. NO WOMEN ALLOWED. THINK: WHY? DISCUSSION
Masks: - They played a very important part in the acting of the tragedy or comedy. - They were a major part of the costume - Showed who character was (man or woman, old or young) - Showed the character emotions (happy, sad, etc.)
Aeschylus First important Greek playwright and considered the first important Western dramatist. Introduced 2 nd actor Reduced chorus from 50 to 12 Master of the trilogy
What is it? 3 plays using some of the same characters or same family or situations.
Sophocles Raised chorus to 15 where it remained Added 3 rd actor. More involved scenes could be written.
Euripides Considered the most modern of the three. He portrayed woman in a sympathetic manner He treated the Gods with skepticism