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Theatre – A Brief History. Greece Theatre Amphitheatre Tragedy Drama Comedy Chorus Dialogue Scene Orchestra Deus ex machina.

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Presentation on theme: "Theatre – A Brief History. Greece Theatre Amphitheatre Tragedy Drama Comedy Chorus Dialogue Scene Orchestra Deus ex machina."— Presentation transcript:

1 Theatre – A Brief History

2 Greece Theatre Amphitheatre Tragedy Drama Comedy Chorus Dialogue Scene Orchestra Deus ex machina

3 Dionysus Dionysus or Dionysos (from the Ancient Greek Διώνυσος or Διόνυσος), Intoxicating power of wine and beneficial influences. Promoter of civilization, a law giver Lover of peace as well as the patron deity of agriculture and the theatre.

4 Thespis 534 B.C. Thespian society

5 Subject matter and themes: Mythology Fate, free will, justice Hubris Tragic hero Catharsis Male dominated society

6 Greek theatres

7 Theatre of Dionysus, Athens

8 Other interesting tidbits: Masks Chorus Dramatic competitions: 3 tragedies + comedy Golden Age of Athens: –Aeschylus –Euripides

9 Sophocles Antigone Oedipus Rex Electra The Theban Legend: King Laius – Thebes Queen Jocasta King of Corinth Sphinx

10 Medieval theatre: Secular: non-religious: stand up comedians Religious: tell Biblical stories to an illiterate audience

11 Medieval theatre Pageants Mystery plays Mystery cycles guilds Morality plays

12 Medieval theatre Morality plays: –Old Vice –Virtue –Riches –Devil –Everyman

13 London 1520: 50, : 200,000

14 What you should definitely remember so far: What is the origin of theatre? What feature and themes of Greek theatre can be found in theatre of later ages? Hubris, tragic hero, catharsis. What forms of theatre existed during medieval times?

15 Acts of Parliament: Henry breaks with the Roman Catholic church. Establishes Church of England. Confiscates Catholic property.

16 Medieval entertainment Bear and bull baiting. Animal fights. Crime. Riots. Prostitution.

17 English Renaissance 1533 (1558) – (1603)

18 London 1520: 50, : 200,000

19 Inn yards Audience capacity up to 500. Inexpensive.

20 London Elizabethan Theater Locations Map shakespeare.info/elizabethan- theatre-locations.htm

21 The Theatre 1576 James Burbage Actor Entrepreneur.

22 The Curtain Henry Laneham

23 The Rose 1587 Philip Henslowe Southwark Lord Admirals Men

24 The Globe

25 Actors Will Kemp Gaging?

26 Actors: Edward AlleynRichard Burbage Lord Admirals MenLord Chamberlains Men

27 Things you should know How did Henry VIII decision to break with the Catholic church affect the history of theatre? How did the establishment of the first purpose built theatres influence the development of drama? How did the physical structure of the theatre influence the development of drama? Explain the connection between printing practices and variations in Shakespeare's texts.


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