Presentation on theme: "Roman and Medieval Drama Vocabulary Words"— Presentation transcript:
1 Roman and Medieval Drama Vocabulary Words PlautusTerenceSenecaCloset playLiturgical dramaVernacular dramaMystery playsMiracle PlaysMorality PlaysMansionPageant WagonCycle of plays
2 Evolution of Theatre - Roman Time period roughly 200 BC to 476 ADRomans conquered and assimilated cultures of surrounding areasRoman Theatre conventions were heavily based on Greek theatre conventions
3 Roman Plays - Comedy Comedy more popular than tragedy Comic playwrights - Plautus, TerenceCharacteristics of Roman Comedy:Chorus was abandonedNo act or scene divisionsSongs or music with the dialogSubject: Everyday domesticaffairs, often bawdyAction placed in the street
4 Roman Plays - Tragedy Tragic Playwright - Seneca Closet plays written to be read not performedCharacteristics of Roman tragedy:Plot Structure - five episodes / actsdivided by choral odesElaborate speechesViolence and horror seen onstage -Characters dominated by a singlepassion (such as revenge) –drives them to doom
5 Roman Theatre Conventions Plays took place outdoors - about 2 hours longActors were men who wore Roman dress, with wigs and makeup - eventually no maskChorus not important - eventually abandonedScenery was a street with 3 or 4 houses behindA place of entertainment not of worship
6 Roman Theatres First permanent theatre built of stone in 55 BC Seated 17,000 people - on level ground, not in hillside like GreeksHad half-circle shape orchestra - chorus less importantLarger proskenon to feature actors
8 The Dark Ages Rome Fell in 476 AD to conquering Germanic peoples Roman Catholic church dominated religion, education and often politicsChurch was a vital part of civic, economic and religious lifeCommon people were kept ignorant and illiterate to have power over them
9 The Dark AgesTheatre activities were outlawed due to violence and sins of Roman entertainmentLittle is known about the theatre between A.DOnly drama in dark ages was traveling troupes based on Greek and Roman performing art: mime, minstrels and jugglers.
10 Medieval DramaReborn as liturgical drama to “act out” stories so they could be understood by allText was written in Latin (as was mass)Subject was stories from the BiblePerformers were priests or church membersPurpose to teach Catholic doctrine
11 Medieval Plays Mystery/cycle plays based on bible Miracle plays based on lives of saintsMorality plays taught a lessonCharacteristics in common:Aimed to teach or reinforce Church doctrineMelodramatic: good rewarded, evil punished
12 Vernacular DramaVernacular drama (spoken in common language) took place in town squares outside the churchScenery was mansions in church then wagons - wheeled platforms that could move from place to placeCostumes were church clothing with accessories“Noah’s Ark” presented as part of a cycle of plays
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.