Presentation on theme: "-ing forms We can use the -ing form of the verb: as a noun:"— Presentation transcript:
1-ing forms We can use the -ing form of the verb: as a noun: I love swimming. Swimming is very good for your health. You can get fit by swimming regularly. -ing nouns are nearly always uncount nouns
2We can use the -ing form of the verb: as an adjective:The main problem today is rising prices. That programme was really boring. He saw a woman lying on the floor.
3... an object: ... or an adverbial: ... or a clause: Because the -ing noun or adjective is formed from a verb it can have any of the patterns which follow a verb, for example:... an object:I like playing tennis. I saw a dog chasing a cat.... or an adverbial:You can earn a lot of money by working hard. There were several people waiting for the bus.... or a clause:I heard someone saying that.
4The -ing noun can be used: as the subject of a verb:Learning English is not easy.as the object of a verb:We enjoy learning English.as the object of a prepositionSome people are not interested in learning English.
5The -ing adjective can come: in front of a noun:I read an interesting article in the newspaper today. We saw a really exciting match on Sunday.after a noun:Who is that man standing over there? The boy talking to Angela is her younger brother.and especially after verbs like see, watch, hear, smell etc.I heard someone playing the piano. I can smell something burning.
6The infinitive is used to express purpose: I’m studying at university to improve my job opportunities.He’s been going to the gym to lose weight.
7Some verbs have the pattern N + V + to+infinitive: They agreed to help. We decided to go.
8Some verbs have the pattern N + V + N + to+infinitive: She told him to go home. They advised us to wait.
9gerund or infinitive Use the gerund (verb+ ing): after prepositions after certain verbs (e.g. like, love, hate, etc.)as the subject of a sentenceWhat are you thinking of doing next summer?Ironing is one job I hate doing.Use to + infinitives:after adjectivesafter certain verbs (e.g. need, want, decide, etc.)to express purpose/reasonDo you find it difficult to fall asleep?Do you want to go out tonight?I’m studying English to get a better job.
10Common verbs that take the gerund (ing form): Like, love, hate, enjoy, mind, finish, stopCommon verbs that take the to + inifinitive:would like, want, need, decide, hope, expect, plan, forget, seem, try, promise, offer, refuse, learn, manage