Presentation on theme: "-ing forms We can use the -ing form of the verb: as a noun: I love swimming. Swimming is very good for your health. You can get fit by swimming regularly."— Presentation transcript:
-ing forms We can use the -ing form of the verb: as a noun: I love swimming. Swimming is very good for your health. You can get fit by swimming regularly. -ing nouns are nearly always uncount nouns
We can use the -ing form of the verb : as an adjective: The main problem today is rising prices. That programme was really boring. He saw a woman lying on the floor.
Because the -ing noun or adjective is formed from a verb it can have any of the patterns which follow a verb, for example:... an object: I like playing tennis. I saw a dog chasing a cat.... or an adverbial: You can earn a lot of money by working hard. There were several people waiting for the bus.... or a clause: I heard someone saying that.
The -ing noun can be used: as the subject of a verb: Learning English is not easy. as the object of a verb: We enjoy learning English. as the object of a preposition Some people are not interested in learning English.
The -ing adjective can come: in front of a noun: I read an interesting article in the newspaper today. We saw a really exciting match on Sunday. after a noun: Who is that man standing over there? The boy talking to Angela is her younger brother. and especially after verbs like see, watch, hear, smell etc. I heard someone playing the piano. I can smell something burning.
The infinitive is used to express purpose: Im studying at university to improve my job opportunities. Hes been going to the gym to lose weight.
Some verbs have the pattern N + V + to+infinitive: They agreed to help. We decided to go.
Some verbs have the pattern N + V + N + to+infinitive: She told him to go home. They advised us to wait.
gerund or infinitive Use the gerund (verb+ ing): 1.after prepositions 2.after certain verbs (e.g. like, love, hate, etc.) 3.as the subject of a sentence What are you thinking of doing next summer? Ironing is one job I hate doing. Use to + infinitives: 1.after adjectives 2.after certain verbs (e.g. need, want, decide, etc.) 3.to express purpose/reason Do you find it difficult to fall asleep? Do you want to go out tonight? Im studying English to get a better job.
Common verbs that take the gerund (ing form): Like, love, hate, enjoy, mind, finish, stop Common verbs that take the to + inifinitive: would like, want, need, decide, hope, expect, plan, forget, seem, try, promise, offer, refuse, learn, manage