Presentation on theme: "GERUND Verb + ing. Verb + ing form is used: 1) as a noun A - as the subject of a verb Smoking is bad for you. B - as the object of a verb I love swimming."— Presentation transcript:
GERUND Verb + ing
Verb + ing form is used: 1) as a noun A - as the subject of a verb Smoking is bad for you. B - as the object of a verb I love swimming. C - after prepositions I like a hot drink before going to bed. On hearing the news, she fainted. He passed the exam without doing any work.
2) Gerunds are also used after certain verbs. If a verb follows verbs from the list below, the second one is gerund (verb+ing). [ The verbs with an asterisk(*) can also be followed by an infinitive-see page 409.] admithate* = not stand* = not bear*practise avoidimagineput off intend* keep (on) like* love* quit recommend mention mind miss postpone begin* consider continue* delay deny dislike enjoy finish regret remember* start* stop* suggest try*
3) Gerunds are also used after certain expressions. It isn’t worth losing sleep over. It’s worth thinking about. It’s no use/good crying over spilt milk. There was no point (in) waiting, so we left. It’s useless sitting here and thinking about it. It’s no good complaining to him. He won’t help you. It’s a waste of money going first class. It’s a waste of time watching TV. We had difficulty (in) finding a hotel.
4) We use go + gerund for a number of activities, especially sports. BUT: go swimming – go ridding – go skiing – go sailing – go diving go snorkeling – go skating – go jogging – go climbing go – fishing – go sightseeing – go shopping do sports – do exercise – do yoga do aerobics – play basketball/football
5) Be / get used to + gerund - Be used to means be accustomed to. We use be used to + gerund to talk about a habit formed from experience. I’m used to getting up early. I’ve been doing it for years.[be used to +gerund] I’m used to hard work. [be used to + noun phrase] Jake found the new course difficult. He wasn’t used to styding so hard. - Get used to means become accustomed to. We use get used to + gerund to talk about the process until we are used to something. When Ann moved to England. It took her a long time to get used to driving on the left-hand side of the road. But now she is used to it. Our new flat is quite far from my school. I hope I’ll get used to getting up earlier in the morning so I can get there on time.
6) I have got used to (doing) something. = I am used to (doing) something. Be / get used to can be followed by other noun constructions: He’s used to the house. [noun] He’s used to it. [pronoun] He’s used to the new house that he bought. [noun + relative clause] You’ll get used to your new job. [noun phrase]
7) BE CAREFUL! Do not confuse be used to + gerund with used to + base form. I am used to living in a small town. I wouldn’t like to live in a city. [I am accustomed to it.] Compare to: I used to live in a small town. Now I live in a city. [In the past I lived…] Are you used to living in a small town?- Yes I am. Compare to: Did you use to live in a small town?- Yes, I did. REMEMBER: With do / does / did we use the base form use to.