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Gerunds and Infinitives
Gerunds and infinitives can function as: NOUNS (subjects, objects, subject complements)
To form gerunds, use the base form + ingI enjoy watching American series To form negative gerunds, use not + gerund Not speaking English can be a problem in the show business world.
Gerunds used as subject of the sentence.
Gerunds used as objectsHe enjoys working with animals.
Verbs that take only GerundsAppreciate Avoid Delay Deny Discuss Dislike Enjoy Excuse Finish Understand Keep Mention Mind Miss Postpone Quit Recall Recommend Resent Suggest Verb + ing
Gerunds used as object of the prepositionI am thinking about taking the children to Mexico.
Common preposition combinations followed by gerundsapologize for, blame for, famous for take care of instead of be accused of keep from prevent from profit from in addition to look forward to be used to be excited about complain about, talk about, think about, worry about believe in, interested in, succeed in insist on count on concentrate on Verb + ing
by + gerund You get good grades by studying hard.go + gerund Recreational activities: camping, dancing, sightseeing, swimming, skiing, fishing, jogging, I will go fishing with you tomorrow.
Some expressions are used with gerundsbe busy, can’t help, have fun, it’s no use, it’s not worth It’s no use telling him to behave! He doesn’t listen.
Summing up Gerunds can be used as Nouns After some verbs (LIST)After some expressions After prepositions
To form infinitives use to + base form of the verb I want to danceTo form negative infinitives use Not + infinitive He decided not to go to the party.
Infinitives in the subject positionTo live in the United States is my dream It is my dream to live in the United States.
Verbs that take infinitivesVerb + infinitives – agree, ask, appear, beg, decide, choose, expect, hope, intend, learn, need, offer, plan, , promise, seem, tend, wait, want, can afford, would like. Verb + sm + infinitive – cause, convince, force, invite, order, persuade, remind, tell, trust, warn, advise, encourage
Adjectives followed by infinitivesafraid, amazed, anxious, ashamed, careful, delighted, eager, fortunate, glad, happy, lucky, pleased, ready, sad, sorry,
In order to / so as to / to… I came here to help you.Infinitive of purpose In order to / so as to / to… I came here to help you.
Infinitive with too and enough She is too young to voteInfinitive with too and enough She is too young to vote. They are old enough to vote.
Summing up Infinitives can be used as Subjects After some verbs (LIST)After adjectives To show purpose
Would like + infinitiveSome verbs can be followed by both gerund or infinitive with no change in meaning. begin, hate, like, start, love, prefer, continue Would like + infinitive
I like cooking. I like to cook when I have some freetimeI like cooking. I like to cook when I have some freetime . She started losing weight. She started to lose weight.
Some verbs although they can be used after both gerunds and infinitives have a difference in meaning. remember forget regret stop try
He stopped smoking. He stopped to smoke.PAST She regretted having hurt his feelings. She regretted to hurt his feelings but she had to say the truth. FUTURE
Different meanings She tried to lose weight but she couldn’t.Why don’t you try exercising more often?
Used to (past memories) Be used to / Get used to (habits)Used to + infinitive My granny used to tell me stories.
Be used to + gerund Get used to + gerundI am used to getting up early. I can’t get used to wearing glasses all the time
Sense-perception verbs: hear, listen to feel, smell, see watch, observe, notice are followed by either a bare infinitive (without to) or –ing form with only a slight difference in meaning.
Verbs of perception: Infinitives: from start to finish Gerunds: in progressShe said she saw a man climbing up the fence. She said she saw the police arrive, park the car and enter the building.
Dragana Filipović. FORMS OF THE INFINITIVE ActivePassive Present(to) play(to) be played Pres. Cont.(to) be playing/ Perfect(to) have played (to) have.
Infinitives are formed with TO : to walk, to talk, to think, to listen Here is a brief review of the differences between gerunds and infinitives. Gerunds.
Infinitive Vs. Gerund. Infinitive Infinitive with to is used: 1.To express purposes or intentions: e.g.: She went to bring some food./ He bought some.
The to +infinitive.
GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES By FitrisRoza.Mpd GERUNDS & INFINITIVES CAN FUNCTION AS: NOUNS (subjects, objects, subject complements) As subjects, they take.
Looking forward to doing
Gerunds and Infinitives. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing." You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of.
How to choose the right one.... Gerund or Infinitive ?
INFINITIVE VS. GERUND VERB PATTERNS 1.
020. Verb Lists: Infinitives and Gerunds Verbs Followed by an Infinitive She agreed to speak before the game. agree aim appear arrange ask attempt be.
GERUND or INFINITIVE 2nd of BACHILLERATO.
The true story. I like diving. I want to go to England. She hopes to pass this exam. My brother started crying.
INFINITIVE vs. –ING forms
Verbs - Gerund or Infinitive. Gerunds and infinitives are forms of verbs that act like nouns. They can follow adjectives and other verbs. Gerunds can.
Dancing is fun. Gerunds used as objects He enjoys working with children.
Gerund vs. infinitive.
The -ing forms/ to-infinitive/ infinitive without to.
Gerunds and Infinitives. Gerunds and infinitives can function as: NOUNS (subjects, objects, subject complements) As subjects, they take a singular verb.
Verb Patterns Infinitive or -ing
Infinitive or ING form EOI. Sometimes we need to decide whether to use a verb in its: -ing form (doing, singing) or infinitive form (to do, to sing).
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