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TO-INFINITIVE, BARE-INFINITIVE & GERUND --In a sentence, if a verb is used after the main verb, it can be in 3 different forms: 1. To-infinitive e.g.

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Presentation on theme: "TO-INFINITIVE, BARE-INFINITIVE & GERUND --In a sentence, if a verb is used after the main verb, it can be in 3 different forms: 1. To-infinitive e.g."— Presentation transcript:

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2 TO-INFINITIVE, BARE-INFINITIVE & GERUND --In a sentence, if a verb is used after the main verb, it can be in 3 different forms: 1. To-infinitive e.g. I want to eat something. (verb) (to-infinitive) 2. Bare-infinitive e.g. I saw him cry yesterday. (verb) (bare-inf) 3. Gerund e.g. I like swimming. (verb) (gerund)

3 (1) TO-INFINITIVE Agree offer decide appear forget fail promise tell refuse seem plan attempt learn hope afford ask threaten want arrange pretend allow tend manage dare -- ‘To-infinitive’ is usually used after the above verbs e.g. I agreed to cooperate with them. (verb) (to-infinitive) He wants to buy this computer. (verb) (to-inf) Sentence Making: _____________________________ ________________

4 (2) BARE-INFINITIVE see, notice, observe, watch, hear, feel, smell, make, let -- ‘Bare-infinitive’ is usually used after the above verbs. -- An ‘object’ is usually placed between the ‘verb’ and ‘bare- infinitive’. e.g. She saw him steal your purse yesterday. (verb) (object) (bare-inf) They heard someone knock the door. (verb) (object) (bare-inf) Sentence Making: ________________________________ ___________

5 (3) GERUND stop keep postpone admit consider miss delay finish mind imagine deny involve fancy regret avoid risk practise enjoy suggest can’t help -- ‘Gerund’ is usually used after the above verbs. e.g. Do you mind opening the door? (verb) (gerund) I won’t risk doing this. (verb) (gerund) Sentence Making:___________________________________________

6 Fill in the blanks by using ‘to-inf’, ‘bare-inf’ or ‘gerund’. 1. Could you please stop ____________(make) so much noise? 2. Tom refused ____________(lend) me any money. 3. Don’t let them ____________(try) this dangerous game! 4. I don’t enjoy ____________ (write) letters. 5. Miss Lee was very strict. No one dared ____________ (talk) during her lessons. 6. I ‘ve arranged ____________(play) tennis tomorrow afternoon. 7. Tom made Ann ____________(cry) yesterday. 8. Have you finished ____________(wash) your hair yet? 9. Ann offered ____________(look) after our children while we were out. 10.He admitted _____________(steal) our car. 11.She doesn’t want ____________(go) home now. 12.It is not allowed ____________(talk) in the library. 13.Would you mind ____________(answer) me some questions? 14.They are watching their children ____________(play). making to lend try writing to talk to play cry washing to look stealing to go to talk answering play


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