5Part 1: The Male Reproductive System The in and out; the good, the bad and the ugly of the male reproductive system
6Male Reproduction: Internal Organs Epididymis, Vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, Cowper’s gland, and urethra
7Quick Facts!Semen- The combination of sperm, seminal fluid, and other male reproductive secretionsCircumcision- Surgical removal of the foreskin of the penisEpididymis- Temporary storage unit for sperm located on outer surface of testesVas deferens- pair of tubes which lead to seminal vesicles and prostate gland
8Quick Facts Cont. Testicles- Two small glands that produce sperm Scrotum- Contains testes and protects sperm by temp regulationPenis- Tube-shaped organ attached to body above testes
9External Organs Testes and Penis DID YOU KNOW??? 100 million sperm are produced each day!million sperm in each ejaculation, but only one can fertilize an ovum!DID YOU KNOW???
10Main Functions of the Male Reproductive System! 1. Produce sperm!2. Transfer sperm to female’s body during sexual intercourse!
11Functions of the Male Reproductive System! Hormones from pituitary gland cause testes to produce testosterone.Physical changes…Sperm productionWhere sperm travel to from the testes:Sperm –> epididymis to mature –> vas deferens –> ejaculatory duct –> urethra –> out of body
12Care Clean your area Always use protection Avoid wearing overly tight clothingWear a cupSelf-examShowerClean the penis and scrotum wellWash under foreskin if neededCheck for lumps
134 Easy Steps to Performing a Testicular Exam Once a month you should examine your testicles by:Step 1:Check for any swelling
144 Easy Steps to Performing a Testicular Exam Cont. Place the index and middle fingers ofboth hands under the testicle with thethumbs placed on top. Roll the testicle gentlybetween the thumbs and fingers—youshouldn’t feel any pain when doing the exam.
154 Easy Steps to Performing a Self Testicular Exam Cont. Find the epididymis, the soft, tube-like structure behind the testicle.Cancerous lumps usually are found on the sides of the testicle, but can also show up on the front.
164 Easy Steps to Performing a Testicular Exam Cont. Step 4: If you feel a lump, see your doctor right away.
17Problems Hernia Sterility Enlarged Prostate Gland Cancer of the Prostate GlandCancer of the TestesImpotence
18Problems Cont.Hernia- The protrusion of an organ or structure into surrounding tissues.Example: Inguinal hernia occurs when part of the intestine protrudes through a weak point in the groinMost occur in the abdomen
19Problems Cont.Sterility- A condition in which a person can’t reproduce.Caused by:Environmental hazards, exposure to X-rays, radiation, temperature change, exposure to certain chemicals found it cigarettes, mumps, STD’s, or malfunction of an organ
20Problems Cont. Prostate Cancer The second highest cancer in males Early detection is KEY!
21Problems Cont. Is usually a slight enlargement of the testicle Testicular CancerIs usually a slight enlargement of the testicleHard lumpsCan be cured if caught early
22Problems Cont. Enlarged Prostate Gland- Impotence- Squeezes the urethraFrequent or difficult urinationCaused by Infection, tumor, or old ageImpotence-Inability to maintain an erection in order to have intercourse
23Part 2: The Female Reproductive System How, what, and why the female body does what it does!
27Care Cleanliness is KEY! Breast Self-Exam Pap Test Especially during menstruationBreast Self-ExamPap TestSanitary napkins, tamponsNote: “Deodorant sprays and douches should not be necessary and may cause irritation!”
28The 4 Steps to Breast Self Exam (BSE) Step 1: Look at breast in mirror with arms on hips and bow slightly forward.Look for: Usual size, shape, color, anydischarge, puckering, dimpling, or scalingStep 2: Raise arms and look forsame changes.
29The 4 Steps to Breast Self Exam (BSE) Cont. Step 3: Raise one arm and thoroughly explore breast with other arm by:Use 3-4 fingers, press and make circles starting with outer side of breast and gradually move toward nipple. Do whole breast!Squeeze nipple to see any dischargeStep 4: Same as step 3 but lay on back.
31Menstrual ProblemsMenstrual Cramps- Abdominal cramps last a few hours.Exercise and heating pads are goodPrescribed med’sToxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)- Aching muscles, bloodshot eyes, sore throat, high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, fainting, and rash caused by bacteria
32Menstrual Problems Cont. PMS- Nervous tension, anxiety, irritability, bloating, weight gain, depression, fatigue, and mood swingsIrritabilityMood Swings
33Infertility ProblemsBlocked Fallopian Tube- Leading cause of infertilityCauses: PID or abdominal surgeryEndometriosis- 2nd leading cause of infertilityUterine tissue grows outside the uterus, appearing on ovaries, fallopian tubes, and abdominal cavity
34Infertility Problems Cont. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)- Infection of the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and surrounding areas.Causes: Damage to reproductive organs and STD’sa
35Other ProblemsOvarian Cyst- Fluid filled sac on the ovary; can lead to cancerBreast Cancer- Lumps on breast should be checked out by a doctorDo self-exam
36Other Problems Cont. Cervical Cancer Sexual activity and family history play a rolePap test