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Lesson 3 The female reproductive system stores ova… …that unite with sperm in the process of reproduction. The Female Reproductive System.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 3 The female reproductive system stores ova… …that unite with sperm in the process of reproduction. The Female Reproductive System."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Lesson 3 The female reproductive system stores ova… …that unite with sperm in the process of reproduction. The Female Reproductive System

3 Lesson 3 Describe the parts of the female reproductive system and explain the function of each part. Relate the importance of early detection and warning signs that prompt females of all ages to seek health care for the female reproductive system. Identify situations requiring professional health services for preventive care. Analyze the importance of abstinence as it relates to the prevention of STDs. In this lesson, youll learn to: Lesson Objectives

4 Lesson 3 The female reproductive system produces female sex hormones and stores ova.ova The uterus nourishes and protects the fertilized ovum from conception until birth.uterus Functions of the Female Reproductive System The Female Reproductive System

5 Lesson 3 Structure of the Female Reproductive System At birth a females ovaries contain more than 400,000 immature ova, or eggs.ovaries During ovulation, the right ovary will release a mature ovum one month, and the left ovary will release one the next month.ovulation Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System

6 Lesson 3 Female Reproductive Organs When a mature ovum is released from the ovary, it moves to one of the fallopian tubes.fallopian tubes Tiny hairlike structures called cilia work, along with muscular contractions in the fallopian tubes, to move the ovum along. Sperm from the male enter the female reproductive system through the vagina.vagina Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System

7 Lesson 3 Female Reproductive System Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System

8 Lesson 3 Fertilization The fertilization of an egg by a sperm produces a cell called a zygote. When the zygote leaves the fallopian tube, it enters the uterus. In preparation for receiving the zygote, the uterine wall has thickened and is rich in blood, which enables the uterus to nourish the zygote. The developing fetus will remain attached to the uterine wall until birth. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System

9 Lesson 3 Menstruation In a mature female, each month the uterus prepares for possible pregnancy. If pregnancy doesnt occur, the thickened lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, isnt needed, and it breaks down into blood, tissue, and fluids. These materials pass through the cervix.cervix This is called menstruation and is part of the menstrual cycle.menstruation Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System

10 Lesson 3 The Menstrual Cycle Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System

11 Lesson 3 Bathe regularly. Change tampons or sanitary pads every few hours. Practice abstinence from sexual activity. Tips for a Healthy Female Reproductive System Care of the Female Reproductive System

12 Lesson 3 Breast Self-Exam Breast cancer is the most common cancer and the second leading cause of death, after lung cancer, for women in the United States. The American Cancer Society recommends that females examine their breasts once a month. Early detection is an important factor in the successful treatment of breast cancer. Care of the Female Reproductive System

13 Lesson 3 Menstrual Cramps Premenstrual Syndrome Problems Related to Menstruation Toxic Shock Syndrome Problems of the Female Reproductive System

14 Lesson 3 Menstrual Cramps Menstrual cramps sometimes occur at the beginning of a menstrual period. Light exercise or applying a heating pad to the abdominal area may help relieve symptoms. A health care professional may recommend medication for pain relief. Severe or persistent cramping, called dysmenorrhea, may be an indication that professional health services are required. Problems of the Female Reproductive System

15 Lesson 3 Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) PMS is a disorder caused by hormonal changes. Its symptoms, which may be experienced one to two weeks before menstruation, include nervous tension, anxiety, irritability, bloating, depression, and mood swings. Regular physical activity and good nutrition may reduce the severity of symptoms. Problems of the Female Reproductive System

16 Lesson 3 Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) TSS is a rare but serious bacterial infection that affects the immune system and the liver and can be fatal. To reduce the risk of TSS, use tampons with the lowest possible absorbency and change tampons often. Warning signs of TSS include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, a sunburn-like rash, eyes, dizziness, and muscle aches. Any female with these symptoms should seek health care immediately. Problems of the Female Reproductive System

17 Lesson 3 Endometriosis Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Problems Related to Infertility Sexually Transmitted Diseases Problems of the Female Reproductive System

18 Lesson 3 Endometriosis This painful, chronic disease occurs when tissue that lines the uterus migrates and grows in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, the uterus, or the lining of the pelvic cavity. Treatments include pain medications, hormone therapy, and surgery. Problems of the Female Reproductive System

19 Lesson 3 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) PID is an infection of the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and the surrounding areas of the pelvis. It can damage a females reproductive organs. PID usually is caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Problems of the Female Reproductive System

20 Lesson 3 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Sexually transmitted diseases are the most common causes of infertility and other disorders of the reproductive system. Often symptoms of STDs are not evident in females unless a medical examination is performed. Avoiding sexual contact until marriage is the one sure way to prevent STDs. Problems of the Female Reproductive System

21 Lesson 3 Other Female Reproductive Disorders Vaginitis, caused by bacterial vaginosis, is the most common vaginal infection in women of childbearing age, and it is often accompanied by discharge, odor, pain, itching, or burning. Blocked fallopian tubes, the leading cause of infertility, may result from PID, abdominal surgery, STDs, or endometriosis. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs on the ovary. Larger cysts may require surgery. Cervical, uterine, and ovarian cancer occur in the female reproductive system. Problems of the Female Reproductive System

22 Lesson 3 1.ovum 2.vagina 3.cervix 4.uterus Choose the appropriate option. Quick Review Q. A muscular, elastic passageway that extends from the uterus to the outside of the body is known as the _________.

23 Lesson 3 A. A muscular, elastic passageway that extends from the uterus to the outside of the body is known as the vagina. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

24 Lesson 3 Provide a short answer to the question given below. Click Next to view the answer. Quick Review Q. How do the structures in the fallopian tubes help move the ovum from the ovaries to the uterus?

25 Lesson 3 A. Cilia draw in and move the ovum from the ovaries to the uterus. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

26 Lesson 3 Provide a short answer to the question given below. Q. List three causes of infertility in females. Click Next to view the answer. Quick Review

27 Lesson 3 A. Three causes of infertility in females are: 1. Endometriosis 2. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) 3. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

28 Lesson 3 Relate the importance of early detection and warning signs for problems of the female reproductive system. Why is it important for every female to have regular pelvic exams starting at age 18 or when recommended by her physician? Analyze the following situation. Quick Review

29 Lesson 3 A. Correct! A muscular, elastic passageway that extends from the uterus to the outside of the body is known as the vagina. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

30 Lesson 3 You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer. Quick Review - Answer

31 Lesson 3 The female reproductive system produces female sex hormones and stores ova.ova The uterus nourishes and protects the fertilized ovum from conception until birth.uterus Functions of the Female Reproductive System Ova are female reproductive cells. The Female Reproductive System

32 Lesson 3 The female reproductive system produces female sex hormones and stores ova.ova The uterus nourishes and protects the fertilized ovum from conception until birth.uterus Functions of the Female Reproductive System The uterus is a hollow, muscular, pear-shaped organ inside a females body. The Female Reproductive System

33 Lesson 3 At birth a females ovaries contain more than 400,000 immature ova, or eggs.ovaries During ovulation, the right ovary will release a mature ovum one month, and the left ovary will release one the next month.ovulation Structure of the Female Reproductive System Ovaries are the female sex glands that store the ova and produce female sex hormones. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System

34 Lesson 3 At birth a females ovaries contain more than 400,000 immature ova, or eggs.ovaries During ovulation, the right ovary will release a mature ovum one month, and the left ovary will release one the next month.ovulation Structure of the Female Reproductive System Ovulation is the process of releasing a mature ovum into the fallopian tube each month. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System

35 Lesson 3 Female Reproductive Organs When a mature ovum is released from the ovary, it moves to one of the fallopian tubes. Tiny hairlike structures called cilia work, along with muscular contractions in the fallopian tubes, to move the ovum along. Sperm from the male enter the female reproductive system through the vagina. Fallopian tubes are a pair of tubes with fingerlike projections that draw in the ovum. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System

36 Lesson 3 Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System Female Reproductive Organs When a mature ovum is released from the ovary, it moves to one of the fallopian tubes. Tiny hairlike structures called cilia work, along with muscular contractions in the fallopian tubes, to move the ovum along. Sperm from the male enter the female reproductive system through the vagina. The vagina is a muscular, elastic passageway that extends from the uterus to the outside of the body.

37 Lesson 3 In a mature female, each month the uterus prepares for possible pregnancy. If pregnancy doesnt occur, the thickened lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, isnt needed, and it breaks down into blood, tissue, and fluids. These materials pass through the cervix.cervix This is called menstruation and is part of the menstrual cycle.menstruation Menstruation Cervix is the opening to the uterus. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System

38 Lesson 3 In a mature female, each month the uterus prepares for possible pregnancy. If pregnancy doesnt occur, the thickened lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, isnt needed, and it breaks down into blood, tissue, and fluids. These materials pass through the cervix.cervix This is called menstruation and is part of the menstrual cycle.menstruation Menstruation Menstruation is the shedding of the uterine lining. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System


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