Menstrual Cycle Days 1-8 -Menstrual flow Days New egg is maturing -Lining begins to thicken Day 14 -Ovulation – mature egg is released Days Egg travels through fallopian tube toward uterus -Fertilization may occur
Care Female Reproductive System Bathe Regularly Abstinence from sex Breast self exams and regular medical exams p. 455
Chance of dying from breast cancer is about 1 in 36 Chance of a woman having invasive breast cancer some time during her life is about 1 in 8 Chances are high the disease will touch your life, or the life of someone you know.
Problems of the Female Reproductive System Cramps – avoid salt & caffeine light exercise help Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) – causes by hormonal changes anxiety, bloating, depression, fatigue, weight gain exercise can help Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) – bacterial infection – fever, sunburn like rash, muscle aches - low absorbency tampon - change tampons often
Infertility – cannot reproduce Endometriosis - uterine tissue grows into uterus, abdominal cavity, or fallopian tubes Vaginitis – bacterial infection (yeast infection) STI Ovarian Cysts- fluid filled sacs of ovary Cancers
Male Reproduction System Do Now: List Secondary Sex Characteristics (changes that happen to the body during puberty) for either males or females.
Male Puberty Begins between ages Pituitary glands sends hormones to the testes. The testes then produce testosterone. Secondary Sex Characteristics Broadening of shouldersEnlargement of external organs Development of musclesLonger heavier bones Hair growthIncrease in height Deepening of voiceRougher tougher skin
Male Reproductive Organs External Organs Penis Scrotum – external skin sac -Hangs from the body hold testicles -Temperature regulation
Male Reproductive System Internal Organs Testes – 2 small glands (seminiferous tubules) - sperm production - testosterone (hormone) Epididymis - sperm mature and are stored
Vas Deferens - tubes that extend from each epididymis to the urethra Seminal Vesicle -first stop fluid
Prostate Gland - more fluid - Common site of cancer - Rectal exam after 40/50 Cowper’s Gland - secrets more fluid -Prepares urethra Urethra - exit for semen & urine Semen Semen – thick fluid containing sperm and other secretions
Care of Male Reproductive Systems Regular Check ups (12 to 18 months) Bathe regularly – thoroughly clean penis and scrotum Protective equipment- cup or supporter Self exams – check testicles for signs of cancer Abstinence – Avoid STI’s
Problems Male Reproductive System Hernia – intestine pushes through abdominal wall - lifting heavy object - lump in groin area & pain Testicular cancer – ages common self- exam Prostate cancer – rectal exam after 40 Sterility – inability to reproduce (Can be caused by environmental hazards, steroid use, other drug use, some medications, or diseases and STI’s