Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Revision Roberta Mark, Andrei Berezin. The Norman Invasion  In 1016 England was conquered by Canute.  After Canute’s death, the throne was passed to.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Revision Roberta Mark, Andrei Berezin. The Norman Invasion  In 1016 England was conquered by Canute.  After Canute’s death, the throne was passed to."— Presentation transcript:

1 Revision Roberta Mark, Andrei Berezin

2 The Norman Invasion  In 1016 England was conquered by Canute.  After Canute’s death, the throne was passed to Edward the Confessor.  Three men claimed the throne of England after Edward’ s death – Harold Godwin, William and Harald Hardraada.  1066 – the Battle of Hastings William the Conqueror became king.

3 William the Conqueror  1086 – the Domesday Book  French became the language of aristocracy  Nobles got land in different parts of the country  Feudal system  He had three sons: Robert, William (Rufus) and Henry  William died in 1087

4 Henry, Matilda and Stephen  Henry was crowned king.  After his death, his daughter Matilda fought with Stephen of Blois (Henry’s nephew).  Finally, in 1153 they agreed that Stephen could keep the throne.  He died the following year.  Henry II became the first unquestioned ruler of the England throne in 1154.

5 Henry II  His empire stretched from the Scottish borders to the Pyrenees.  He and his wife Eleanor had two sons – Richard and John  Henry II appointed Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury in Becket was murdered in  1189 Henry died broken and disappointed.

6 Richard the Lionheart  Henry II was followed by his son, Richard.  He reigned for 10 years.  He was a good soldier and had a nickname “Coeur de Lion”.  He was well educated, but spoke little English.  Richard was killed in 1199.

7 John I (Lackland)  John I inherited the throne of England.  He was a very unpopular king.  He was called John Lackland.  In 1215 John I signed an agreement Magna Carta.  During his reign the the first stone bridge across the river Thames was completed in 1206.

8 Henry III, Edward I and Edward II  John’s son Henry (III) reigned for a long time ( ).  The first parliament was summoned in  His son Edward I succeeded him and brought together the first REAL parliament.  Edward I and the king of France Philip IV decided to marry their children – Isabella and Edward II.  Isabella forced Edward to abdicate in favour of his 14-year old son (Edward III) in In 1330 he seized power.

9 Edward III  Edward III ( ) was one of the most successful English monarchs of the Middle Ages.  He remained on the throne for 50 years.  His reign was dominated by the 100 Years’ War ( )

10 The 100 Years’ War  The war began well for England.  In 1431 Henry VI (of Lancaster) was crowned King of France.  Joan of Arc was captured by the English and burned at the stake.  The French went on winning and the war ended in  During the war the kings and noblemen of England began to speak English. The bible was translated into English.

11 The Age of Chivalry, the Poor in Revolt  Edward III and his eldest son Edward or the Black Prince became the symbols of the “code of chivalry”.  Edward III was the founder of the Order of the Garter (1348)  Honi soit qui mal y pense.  Edward III was followed by Richard II, his grandson, who managed to calm down the angry crowd after the Peasants’ Revolt.

12 The Crisis of Kingship  When the 100 Years’ War ended in 1453, the English noblemen returned to England.  Two groups of nobles, Lancastrians and Yorkists, fought for the control of the throne.  (In 1377 Richard II became king, hi uncle John, the duke of Lancaster wanted his son Henry (IV) to be king, there was also another possible successor – the son of his uncle Edmund, the Duke of York. Henry took the crown by force).  The House of York – white rose, Lancaster – red rose.

13 The Wars of the Roses  The war began in 1455 with the battle of Saint Albans.  Edward of York became king as Edward IV.  His son Edward V succeeded him at the age of 12.  Richard, uncle of the young king had Edward and his little brother killed and became king Richard III.  Richard III died in He was the last king of the House of York, the last of the Plantagen et dynasty.

14 Tudors  At Bosworth Field Henry Tudor defeated the royal army.  He was crowned King Henry VII – the first ruler of the Tudor dynasty.  Henry married Edward IV’s daughter and united the rival houses of Lancaster and York.

15 Thank you!


Download ppt "Revision Roberta Mark, Andrei Berezin. The Norman Invasion  In 1016 England was conquered by Canute.  After Canute’s death, the throne was passed to."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google