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Henry VII The Road to the Throne Ian Dawson Thinking History

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1 Henry VII The Road to the Throne Ian Dawson Thinking History

2 2 Key Issue How did Henry become king? The road to the throne

3 3 The Road to the Throne Henry Tudor born His father had died several months earlier and his mother was 14 His mother was distantly related to the Lancastrian royal family but there were plenty of people who had a better claim to the crown

4 4 The Road to the Throne The Lancastrian king, Henry VI, lost the crown to the Yorkist, Edward IV Henry Tudor, aged 4, was looked after and closely watched by Edward’s friend, William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke

5 5 The Road to the Throne Henry VI became king again after a rebellion 13 year old Henry Tudor was freed but he was still an unimportant member of the royal family because the King had a son

6 6 The Road to the Throne Edward IV won the throne back and killed Henry VI and his son By now so many people had died that Henry Tudor was the most important Lancastrian He escaped to Brittany to save his life but Edward was in charge again. There were hardly any Lancastrian supporters left

7 7 The Road to the Throne April April Edward IV died and his 12 year old son became Edward V – until his uncle Richard seized the crown and made himself King Richard III Henry Tudor was still in Brittany

8 8 The Road to the Throne August August A group of lords rebelled against Richard because they thought he had stolen the crown and murdered young Edward V. They chose Henry Tudor as their leader This showed how desperate they were to get rid of Richard because they had been Yorkists and now had a Lancastrian leader The rebellion failed before Henry arrived in England. Some rebels escaped and lived in exile with Henry

9 9 The Road to the Throne Richard bribed the Duke of Brittany to capture Henry for him Henry escaped at the last minute, dressed as a servant and rode across the border into France

10 10 The Road to the Throne The King of France wanted to distract Richard from invading France so he gave Henry an army to invade England Early in August Henry landed in Wales with an army of French and Scottish soldiers and some ex-Yorkists He hoped Thomas, Lord Stanley (married to Henry’s mother) might join in on his side

11 11 The Road to the Throne Henry faced Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Richard charged and battered down Henry’s standard bearer. For a moment Richard and Henry fought each other and then the Stanleys charged in – against Richard! Henry was king!

12 12 Who was most responsible for Henry VII being king? King of France Rebels who Joined Henry Richard III Henry Tudor Stanleys


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