Presentation on theme: "After the 100 years war: English nobelmen returned to England; Soldiers became unemployed; They knew no craft but fighting; Lancastrians and Yorkists."— Presentation transcript:
After the 100 years war: English nobelmen returned to England; Soldiers became unemployed; They knew no craft but fighting; Lancastrians and Yorkists.
1377 became king; Under the control of his uncle John, duke of Lancaster; Henry IV; The son of Edmund, Duke of York Richard had no children; Henry IV took the crown by force Richard died mysteriously.
Won the support of other powerful nobles; Took the crown by force; Established his royal authority; Passed the crown to his son Henry V.
One of England`s favourite kings; Was king from 1413 until 1422; Henry was a cold and ruthless soldier, respected by contemporaries as a chivalric warrior.
The “Lancastrians” Henry VI The “Yorkists” The duke of York
1455 the war began – the battle of Saint Albans; 6 years later the York forces crushed the Lancaster army; Edward of York became king as Edward IV; Edward V succeeded him at the age of 12.
Richard, the duke of Gloucester; Had killed Edward and his little brother; Was king of England for 2 years; Until his death in 1485 during the battle of Bosworth; The last king of the house of York; The last of the Plantagenet dynasty.
The battle of Bosworth Field: The decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses; The end of the Middle Ages in England.
Henry Tudor defeated the royal army; Was crowned King Henry VII; The first ruler of the Tudor dynasty; Married Edward IV`s daughter Elizabeth; United the rival houses of Lancaster and York.
Richard III`s quotation “A horse, a horse! My kingdom for a horse” from Shakespeare`s tragedy Richard III; Is now repeated when sb is in need of some unimportant item.