Basic Info Lasted 1337-1453 England vs. France 4 phases
Cause Major cause: rivalry between King Philip VI of France and King Edward III of England Charles IV, king of France, died and left no heirs to his throne. Edward believed that he should be king of France because he was the nephew of Charles IV. Philip believed that he should be king because he was the cousin of Charles IV.
Phase 1 Battle of Sluys- England won major victory at sea Truce between two countries lasted two years Battle of Crécy- English army defeated French army three times their size Edward conquered Calais in 1346
Phase 1 (cont.) Both England and France unable to fight over the next several years because of the Black Plague In 1355, Edward led army across English Channel to France Battle of Poitiers- King John II of France and his son were captured and taken to England 1360- Treaty of Bretigny- English in Aquitaine were increased and France recognized English control of Calais and Ponthieu. John II was returned
Phase 2 Began with the death of John II, King of France. He was succeeded by Charles V Charles V throughout his reign defeated England and regained control of Aquitaine England lost at Poitiers, Poitou, and La Rochelle. French made raids on English coastal cities
Phase 2 (cont.) Charles V, Edward III, and his son Edward Prince of Wales died A peasant revolt in England ensued and King Richard II took back his promise to help them In 1396 the Truce of Paris was arranged for the next thirty years between Richard II and Charles VI
Phase 3 England attacked Normandy in 1415 By 1419, England had captured Harfleur and Rouen French government signed Treaty of Troyes Gave up control of northern France King Henry V (English King) became heir to the French throne King Henry VI King of England and France
Phase 3 (cont.) Charles VII recognized as king in southern France English win battles in Cravant, Verneuil, and St. James Joan of Arc convinced the French army that they needed to defeat the English and get them off of French soil because it was God’s wish
Joan of Arc 1412-1431 Believed she heard the voice of God telling her to go and help king Charles VII of France claim his throne. She is remembered as a national hero for leading the French military to several crucial victories She was captured and found guilty of heresy by the English. She was burned at the stake in 1431 in Rouen. Charles VII did not come to her aid.
Phase 4 England lost control of Paris, Normandy, and Guienne England recovered Bordeaux in 1452, but then lost it a year later The war ended with Bordeaux falling to the French in 1453
Results/Impact England’s government bankrupt Lancastrian Dynasty disgraced For the French, the war united the country and began the decline of feudalism