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Terrestrial Biomes Honors Biology Polar n Where Located: N. & S. Poles, Antartica n Temperature/Rainfall: < 10 cm n Unique Fact: Earth’s coldest extreme,

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Presentation on theme: "Terrestrial Biomes Honors Biology Polar n Where Located: N. & S. Poles, Antartica n Temperature/Rainfall: < 10 cm n Unique Fact: Earth’s coldest extreme,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Terrestrial Biomes Honors Biology

3 Polar n Where Located: N. & S. Poles, Antartica n Temperature/Rainfall: < 10 cm n Unique Fact: Earth’s coldest extreme, Antarctica is coldest (land mass)

4 Polar n Types of Plants: n Mosses n Lichens n Types of Animals: n Polar bear, gulls (N.Pole) n Penguins, whales (S. Pole)

5 Tundra n Where Located: N. Canada, Russia n Temperature/Rainfall: < 25 cm n Unique Fact: Layer called PERMAFROST(500 m thick), No trees

6 Tundra n Types of Plants: n Mosses n Lichens n Wildflowers n shrubs n Types of Animals: n Caribou n Wolves n Bears n geese

7 Tundra

8 Taiga/Coniferous Forest n Where Located: Canada, Russia n Temperature/Rainfall: 50 cm n Unique Fact: Needle-leaved trees w/cones

9 Taiga n Types of Plants: n Spruce n Fir n Pine n Types of Animals: n Elk n Moose n Wolverine n Lynx

10 Taiga

11 Coniferous Forest

12 Grassland/Savanna n Where Located: Central US (Prairies), S.America (Pampas), Africa (Savanna, Veldt) n Temperature/Rainfall: 100 cm n Unique Fact: Largest land biome (1/4 of land surface), transition betw desert & rain forest

13 Grassland/Savanna n Types of Plants: n Grasses n Wildflowers n Types of Animals: n Zebra n Elephants n Prairie Dogs n Bison

14 Savanna

15 Grassland

16 Deciduous Forest/Temperate n Where Located: Eastern US, Europe n Temperature/Rainfall: cm n Unique Fact: Trees lose leaves in fall

17 Deciduous Forest n Types of Plants: n Oaks n Willows n Hickory n Sycamore n Types of Animals: n Squirrel n Fox n Birds n Reptiles

18 Deciduous Forest

19 Desert n Where Located: N. Africa, SW US, Saudi Arabia n Temperature/Rainfall: < 25 cm n Unique Fact: Plant adaptations-deep tap roots, store water ; Animal adaptations- glycerol as antifreeze, burrow

20 Desert n Types of Plants: n Saguaro Cactus n Joshua Tree n Types of Animals: n Reptiles n Roadrunner n Jack Rabbit

21 Desert

22 Tropical Rain Forest n Where Located: Brazil (largest), S. Asia n Temperature/Rainfall: 300 cm n Unique Fact: 3 layers- canopy, understory, forest floor, home to more spp than any other biome, soil not nutrient-rich

23 Tropical Rain Forest n Types of Plants: n Rubber tree n Orchids n Vanilla plants n Banana trees n Types of Animals: n Monkeys n Macaws n Insects n Leopard/cats

24 Rain Forest

25 Biome Quiz n This biome is also known as the “treeless biome”? n Plants & animals must adapt to extreme heat & cold in this biome? n This biome contains mainly trees with needle leaves & cones? n This biome contains more species than any other?

26 Biome Quiz n This biome is typically a transition between rain forest & desert? n The Earth’s coldest extreme? n This biome receives less than 25 cm of rain annually?


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