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A biome is one of Earth’s large ecosystems, with its own kind of climate, soil, plants, and animals.
Six major biomes Desert Tundra Temperate Deciduous Forest TaigaGrassland Savanna Tropical Rainforest (And MOUNTAINS)
Desert Hot and dry that averages less than 35 cm of rain a year
Desert Hot in day, cold at night 20-30 degrees latitude Baja DesertSahara Desert Some at cold locations High biodiversity- only rainforest has more species Plants: cactus, heat and dry tolerant plants
Animals of the Desert Rodents, snakes, lizards, tortoises, insects, and some birds. The Sahara Desert in Africa is home to camels,, small foxes, snakes, lizards, and gerbils
Tundra Cold dry conditions with less than 25 cm of precipitation; permanently frozen ground
Tundra Permafrost Northern parts of US, Asia and Europemosses and lichen cover the land, Grasses In Arctic Coldest biome Winter temp -34C, summer 12C
Animals of the Tundra Musk oxen, migrating caribou, arctic foxes, weasels, snowshoe hares, owls, hawks, various rodents, occasional polar bear.
Temperate deciduous ForestForest biome with moderate amt of precipitation and temperature range with a lot of broad leaf trees.
Temperate deciduous ForestGA has a lot of temperate forest Temp- -30 to 30C Rainfall cm Birch, beech, oak, maple- lose leaves in fall Mid-range latitudes 4 seasons
Animals of the Temperate Deciduous ForestWolves, deer, bears, and a wide variety of small mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and insects
Taiga A cool forest biome of conifers in the upper Northern HemisphereAlso called boreal forest Also called coniferous
Taiga Largest climate region degrees latitude Northern areas- Canada and N Eurasia Ave temp below freeze For half year cm precip yrly Short growing season Cold winters and mild Summers Dense forests
Plants/Animals of the TaigaRodents, snowshoe hares, lynx,, moose, caribou, bears, wolves, birds in summer Pine, fir, hemlock, spruce
Tropical Rain Forest A warm, humid biome near the equator, with much rainfall and the greatest biodiversity
Tropical Rain Forest 200-400 cm rain yrly At or near equatorDense canopy 75% land species live in rain forests 20-25C temp year round Foggy 100 species of plants Per 2.5 acres-1 hectare
Plants/Animals of the Tropical Rain Forestinsects, reptiles, and amphibians; monkeys, toucan, other small and large mammals, including in some places elephants
Grasslands A biome where grasses, not trees, are the main plant life. Savannas, prairies, and temperate grasslands are examples.
Savanna one kind of grassland in Africa 2 seasons- rainy and dryIn parts of tropics without much rain
Temperate Grasslands Middle latitudes Interiors of continentsFar from large bodies of water Most precip in late spring cm yrly 30C to -40C
Temperate grassland plants/animalsPrairie dogs, foxes, small mammals, snakes, insects, various birds
Savanna(grassland) animals and plants: Elephants, lions, zebras, giraffes- long legs and fast, burrowers to avoid fire grasses
Mountains Land that projects above the Area around itDifferent climates, plants, & animals due to elevation Higher it is- more like closer To the poles Wet and dry sides Temp depends on elevation
Chapter 21 Ecosystems Table of Contents
Tropical Rain Forest Located Near the Equator High Precipitation No Seasons Temperate Rain Forest Middle Latitudes High Temperature Moderate Temperatures.
Ecosystems- Characteristics and Cycles
Biomes A major biological community that occurs over a large area of land is called a biome. Seven major biomes cover most of the Earth’s land surface.
Terrestrial Biomes Overview.
What are biomes? Biomes are regions of the world with similar climate, animals, and plants.
Climate, Latitude, Heat Transport and Biomes. Bananas and cranberries, like other plants and animals, vary in their adaptations to temperature, rainfall,
State Standard SB4A. Investigate the relationships among organisms, populations, communities, ecosystems, and biomes. Terrestrial Biomes (3.2)
The Land Biomes.
Biomes of the Earth.
A group of ecosystems with similar climates and organisms.
Land Biomes Chapter 20.
Biomes. A biome is one of Earth’s large ecosystems, with its own kind of climate, soil, plants, and animals.
Region of the biosphere that has similar communities and climate.
Quick Review: What are the four forest biomes? Where are they found?
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