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What are biomes? Biomes are regions of the world with similar climate, animals, and plants.

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Presentation on theme: "What are biomes? Biomes are regions of the world with similar climate, animals, and plants."— Presentation transcript:

1 What are biomes? Biomes are regions of the world with similar climate, animals, and plants.

2 Earth’s Major Land Biomes
Tundra Tropical Rainforest Grasslands Taiga Desert Deciduous Forest

3 Tundra

4 Tundra Location: Weather: Plants: Animals:
The tundra biome covers about 1/5 of the earth. The tundra biome is located in the arctic circle, which is a circle that surrounds the north pole. Weather: The tundra is the coldest biome. In the winter it can reach temperatures of -50°F. Plants: Many lichens, mosses, and small shrubs flourish in the arctic tundra. Animals: Animals in the tundra have adaptations to help them survive in extreme cold temperatures. Some of the animals are polar bear, arctic fox, caribou, and seals.

5 Rainforest

6 Tropical rainforest are located close to the equator.
Location: Tropical rainforest are located close to the equator. Rainforest are wet and warm all year. Temperatures don’t change much between night and day. The average temperature in tropical rainforest ranges from 70 to 85°F. Weather: One type of plant often found in a rainforest is an epiphyte. Plants often grow on trees to take advantage of the sunlight under the canopy. Plants: Animals: Tropical rainforest are home to half the plant and animal species on Earth. Most animals have adaptations to help them live in trees, like monkeys.

7 Grasslands

8 Grasslands Location: Weather: Plants: Animals:
Grasslands are located all over from North America to Africa. North America calls their grasslands prairies. Weather: The weather in the grasslands varies greatly. It is cold in the winter and hot in the summer. Plants: The most important plant in the grasslands is grass! There are very few trees and shrubs. Some animals that inhabit grasslands in North America are bison, antelope, birds, gophers, prairie dogs, coyotes, and insects. Animals that live in grasslands are usually herbivores. Animals:

9 Taiga

10 Taiga Location: Weather: Plants: Animals:
Taiga is the largest land biome on earth located inNorth America, Europe, and Asia.The biome is mostly located on the southern border of the arctic tundra. Weather: Long, cold winters, and short, mild, wet summers are typical of this region. Compared to other biomes, the taiga has less diversity in plant life. The most common type of tree found in the taiga is the conifer, or cone- bearing tree. Plants: Animals have thick coats of fur to survive the cold. Common animals are deer, moose, and elk. Animals:

11 Desert

12 Desert Location: Weather: Plants: Animals:
About one fifth of earth is covered in desert. Antarctica is earth’s largest desert! The Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert. Weather: Deserts are both hot and cold. There is very little rainfall in deserts. Sometimes the rain evaporates before it even hits the ground! Plants: Plants that live in deserts are great at storing water like the cacti! Desert plants have roots that are shallow and wide so they can absorb rainfall quickly. Deserts have snakes, insects, and lizards.Most of the animals are cold-blooded. Most of the animals are small like the kit fox. Animals:

13 Deciduous Forest

14 Deciduous Forest Location: Weather: Plants: Animals:
Most deciduous forests are located in the eastern United States, Canada, Europe, China, Japan, and parts of Russia. Location: Weather: Deciduous forest have four seasons: summer, fall, winter, and spring. The average temperature is 50°F. The deciduous forest gets the second most amount of rain next to the rainforest. Plants: The deciduous forest has trees that lose their leaves before winter, and then grow them back in spring. Animals in the deciduous forest must be able to adapt to the changing seasons. Some hibernate through the winter. A common animal is the black bear. Animals:

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