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World War II. Causes of US entering WWII Military Support of Allies -Neutrality Act and Lend-Lease allow US to supply Britain with war goods German Sub.

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Presentation on theme: "World War II. Causes of US entering WWII Military Support of Allies -Neutrality Act and Lend-Lease allow US to supply Britain with war goods German Sub."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War II

2 Causes of US entering WWII Military Support of Allies -Neutrality Act and Lend-Lease allow US to supply Britain with war goods German Sub Attacks on US naval destroyers while escorting British ships Japanese Imperialism – US economic sanctions against Japan to protest aggression US Enters WWII December 8, 1941 December 7, 1941 Japan attacks Pearl Harbor

3 Allies v. Axis Powers Allies Allies Great Britain Great Britain France France Soviet Union (after 6/1941) Soviet Union (after 6/1941) U.S. (after 12/1941) U.S. (after 12/1941) Plus many smaller European nations Plus many smaller European nations Axis Powers Germany Italy Japan

4 Pearl Harbor Japan was working on expanding empire throughout the Pacific Japan was working on expanding empire throughout the Pacific The U.S. had a trade embargo on Japan to try and deter Japan from invading countries The U.S. had a trade embargo on Japan to try and deter Japan from invading countries U.S. was able to intercept and break Japan's secret codes U.S. was able to intercept and break Japan's secret codes Intercepted the code about Pearl Harbor - sent the message on a slower telegram (by accident) to warn U.S. Navy about attack Intercepted the code about Pearl Harbor - sent the message on a slower telegram (by accident) to warn U.S. Navy about attack

5 Pearl Harbor Continued It was a Sunday morning - U.S. military was taken off guard 2 full blown attacks on Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 Impact/Damage on U.S. Impact/Damage on U.S. o 2,400 U.S. military and civilians lost their lives o 2,400 U.S. military and civilians lost their lives o 1,178 U.S. military and civilians wounded o 1,178 U.S. military and civilians wounded o 18 ships and 350 planes sunk or damaged o 18 ships and 350 planes sunk or damaged

6 Pearl Harbor Continued Japan viewed as a stunning victory Japan viewed as a stunning victory December 8, 1941, U.S. declares war on Japan December 8, 1941, U.S. declares war on Japan December 11, 1941, Germany and Italy declare war on U.S. December 11, 1941, Germany and Italy declare war on U.S.

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9 Battle of the Atlantic 1939 – 1945 (Jan – July 1943 were decisive) 1939 – 1945 (Jan – July 1943 were decisive) German U-Boats were sinking unprotected U.S. and other Allies' merchant ships German U-Boats were sinking unprotected U.S. and other Allies' merchant ships Allies began using convoys to protect ships Allies began using convoys to protect ships The Allies also used a sonar system to detect German U-Boats The Allies also used a sonar system to detect German U-Boats The Germans were very successful in the beginning, but by mid , the Allies had the upper hand The Germans were very successful in the beginning, but by mid , the Allies had the upper hand

10 "The Battle of the Atlantic was the only thing that really frightened me" - Winston Churchill.

11 Battle of Stalingrad ( June 1941 – January 31, 1943) Germans violated nonaggression pact with Soviet Union and attacked Germans violated nonaggression pact with Soviet Union and attacked Hitler hoped to captured Soviet oil fields Hitler hoped to captured Soviet oil fields Germans nearly won (controlled 9/10 of the city) Germans nearly won (controlled 9/10 of the city) Winter of 1943 hit Winter of 1943 hit

12 Battle of Stalingrad cont… Hitler forced Germans to stay put Hitler forced Germans to stay put Soviets used to their advantage and won Soviets used to their advantage and won Soviets lost 1,100,000 people in this battle Soviets lost 1,100,000 people in this battle Turning point in WWII Turning point in WWII From that point on, Soviet army began to move westward towards Germany From that point on, Soviet army began to move westward towards Germany

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14 Normandy Invasion (D-Day) June 6, 1944 June 6, 1944 During this time, Soviet Union was pushing into Poland and Allies were pushing North in Italy During this time, Soviet Union was pushing into Poland and Allies were pushing North in Italy Generals Dwight D. Eisenhower and George Patton influential in leading attack Generals Dwight D. Eisenhower and George Patton influential in leading attack 3 million ally troops to attack 3 million ally troops to attack

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19 Normandy Invasion cont. D – Day 60 mile stretch of beach 60 mile stretch of beach 156,000 troops 156,000 troops 4,000 landing craft 4,000 landing craft 600 warships 600 warships 11,000 planes 11,000 planes Largest land-sea-air operation in history Largest land-sea-air operation in history Omaha beach known as one of the most Omaha beach known as one of the most brutal areas brutal areas

20 The D-Day Museum in Portsmouth, England claims a total of 2,500 Allied troops died, while German forces suffered between 4,000 and 9,000 total casualties on D-Day. The D-Day Museum in Portsmouth, England claims a total of 2,500 Allied troops died, while German forces suffered between 4,000 and 9,000 total casualties on D-Day. The Heritage Foundation in the U.S. claims 4,900 U.S. dead on D-Day The Heritage Foundation in the U.S. claims 4,900 U.S. dead on D-Day The U.S. Army Center of Military History cites a total casualty figure for U.S. forces at 6,036. This number combines dead and wounded in the D-Day battles The U.S. Army Center of Military History cites a total casualty figure for U.S. forces at 6,036. This number combines dead and wounded in the D-Day battles John Keegan, American Historian and Author believes that 2,500 Americans died along with 3,000 British and Canadian troops on D-Day John Keegan, American Historian and Author believes that 2,500 Americans died along with 3,000 British and Canadian troops on D-Day By the end of the of the entire Normandy Campaign, nearly 425,000 Allied and German troops were killed, wounded, or missing. By the end of the of the entire Normandy Campaign, nearly 425,000 Allied and German troops were killed, wounded, or missing.

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22 Normandy Invasion cont. The battle continues W/in 1 month, a million more troops W/in 1 month, a million more troops September 1944, France was freed from September 1944, France was freed from Nazi control Nazi control

23 Battle of the Bulge December 16, 1944 December 16, 1944 German tanks broke through American lines (80 mile front) German tanks broke through American lines (80 mile front) Fought in Belgium - Germany was trying to capture Antwerp Fought in Belgium - Germany was trying to capture Antwerp Very brutal war - one of the most extensive of U.S. military (120 American GIs captured and mowed down by SS machine guns and pistols) Very brutal war - one of the most extensive of U.S. military (120 American GIs captured and mowed down by SS machine guns and pistols)

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25 Battle of the Bulge Cont. Germans were winning in the beginning Germans were winning in the beginning 120,000 Germans died (also lost 600 tanks and guns and 1,600 planes – leading to defeat)) 120,000 Germans died (also lost 600 tanks and guns and 1,600 planes – leading to defeat)) 80,000 Americans died 80,000 Americans died Americans won, but were close to losing Americans won, but were close to losing

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27 Yalta Conference Took place February 1945 before WWII was over Took place February 1945 before WWII was over Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill met in Yalta in the Soviet Union to discuss post WWII Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill met in Yalta in the Soviet Union to discuss post WWII Set up United Nations Set up United Nations

28 Yalta – The Big 3

29 April 12, 1945 At the beginning of his 4 th Term, President Franklin D. Roosevelt passes away At the beginning of his 4 th Term, President Franklin D. Roosevelt passes away The U.S. went through a major grieving period The U.S. went through a major grieving period Harry S. Truman, as Vice-President, takes the role as President Harry S. Truman, as Vice-President, takes the role as President

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31 The end of Hitler April 30, 1945 Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide (gun shot and cyanide) Bodies burned in street Cover of Time magazine May 7, 1945

32 V-E Day May 8, 1945 May 8, 1945 General Eisenhower accepted a surrender by the Third Reich General Eisenhower accepted a surrender by the Third Reich V-E day = Victory in Europe day V-E day = Victory in Europe day 1 st part of War was over 1 st part of War was over

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34 Potsdam July – August 1945 July – August 1945 Truman, (Churchill and then Clement Atlee) and Stalin met in Potsdam, Germany Truman, (Churchill and then Clement Atlee) and Stalin met in Potsdam, Germany Drew up a blueprint to disarm Germany and eliminate the Nazi regime Drew up a blueprint to disarm Germany and eliminate the Nazi regime

35 Potsdam Continued Divided Germany into 4 sections (occupied by France, Britain, U.S. and Soviet Union) Divided Germany into 4 sections (occupied by France, Britain, U.S. and Soviet Union) Berlin to be divided up in East (or Soviet Germany) Berlin to be divided up in East (or Soviet Germany) Set up the Nuremberg Trials to persecute Nazi leaders Set up the Nuremberg Trials to persecute Nazi leaders Japan must unconditionally surrender Japan must unconditionally surrender

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38 Potsdam, Germany

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40 Nuremberg Trials International tribunal court tried Nazi officials International tribunal court tried Nazi officials Over 23 nations tried Nazi war criminals in Nuremberg, Germany Over 23 nations tried Nazi war criminals in Nuremberg, Germany 12 of the 22 defendants were sentenced to death 12 of the 22 defendants were sentenced to death 200 other officials were found guilty, but give lesser sentences 200 other officials were found guilty, but give lesser sentences

41 Battle of the Coral Sea Prior to this battle, the Japanese were winning every battle and taking over the Pacific Prior to this battle, the Japanese were winning every battle and taking over the Pacific May U.S. and Australia stopped Japan from invading May U.S. and Australia stopped Japan from invading Japan won the actual battle, but the allies were able to stop Japan invasion for the first time Japan won the actual battle, but the allies were able to stop Japan invasion for the first time U.S. was beginning to use the Island Hopping technique to weaken Japans forces U.S. was beginning to use the Island Hopping technique to weaken Japans forces

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45 Battle of Midway June 1942 June 1942 Admiral Chester Nimitz intercepted Japanese code Admiral Chester Nimitz intercepted Japanese code U.S. launched surprise attack on Japan at Pacific island called Midway U.S. launched surprise attack on Japan at Pacific island called Midway U.S. was successful in the Battle of Midway U.S. was successful in the Battle of Midway

46 Battle of Midway The Japanese lost 4 carriers, a heavy cruiser, 3 destroyers, some 275 planes, at least 4,800 men, and suffered heavy damage among the remaining vessels of their fleet. The Japanese lost 4 carriers, a heavy cruiser, 3 destroyers, some 275 planes, at least 4,800 men, and suffered heavy damage among the remaining vessels of their fleet. American losses included 1 carrier, the Yorktown, a destroyer, about 150 planes, and 307 men American losses included 1 carrier, the Yorktown, a destroyer, about 150 planes, and 307 men

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50 Iwo Jima Island in the Pacific that was critical for U.S. win Island in the Pacific that was critical for U.S. win March 1945 March ,000 Japanese held Iwo Jima 27,000 Japanese held Iwo Jima U.S. won U.S. won 26,800 Japanese troops died 26,800 Japanese troops died 6,000 U.S. Marines died 6,000 U.S. Marines died

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53 Battle of Okinawa June 22, 1945 June 22, 1945 Japans last defensive stronghold Japans last defensive stronghold Japan used 1,900 Kamikaze attacks Japan used 1,900 Kamikaze attacks 110,000 Japanese troops died 110,000 Japanese troops died 7, ,500 U.S U.S. troops died 7, ,500 U.S U.S. troops died U.S. won U.S. won

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55 Manhattan Project 200,000 Japanese died due to the Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki 200,000 Japanese died due to the Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Hiroshima Hiroshima August 6, 1945 August 6, 1945 Little Boy Little Boy In 43 seconds, the city collapsed to dust In 43 seconds, the city collapsed to dust Nagasaki Nagasaki August 9, 1945 August 9, 1945 Fat Man Fat Man Leveled half of the city Leveled half of the city

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58 V-J Day August 15, 1945: Japan offers unconditional surrender August 15, 1945: Japan offers unconditional surrender September 2, 1945: V-J Day = Victory in Japan Day (Formal surrender) September 2, 1945: V-J Day = Victory in Japan Day (Formal surrender)

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60 U.S. Occupation of Japan Similar trials held for Japanese war criminals Similar trials held for Japanese war criminals 7 out of 28 leaders were found guilty and sentenced to death (including Tojo) 7 out of 28 leaders were found guilty and sentenced to death (including Tojo) U.S. occupied Japan for 6 years under the direction of General Douglas MacArthur U.S. occupied Japan for 6 years under the direction of General Douglas MacArthur Called for a New Constitution (w/ free elections and women suffrage) Called for a New Constitution (w/ free elections and women suffrage) Introduced a free market economy Introduced a free market economy


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