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THE COLOSSEUM (AMPHITHEATRUM FLAVIUM) By Chad Yip

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1 THE COLOSSEUM (AMPHITHEATRUM FLAVIUM) By Chad Yip

2 Location  Rome  Located in the region IV: Templum Pacis (Temple of Peace) _di_Roma.svg/375px-Municipi_di_Roma.svg.png

3 Origins of the Colosseum  Built: AD  Built by Vespasian, but completed under his son Titus.  Funded by the spoils taken from the Jewish Temple after the Siege of Jerusalem.  Colosseum was to be the showpiece of the new Flavian dynasty of Vespasian and his sons.  Site was chosen because it was a flat area between the Caelian, Esquiline, and Palatine Hills.

4 Importance  The Colosseum can be interpreted as a great triumphal monument in the tradition of celebrating victories. (over Great Jewish Revolt in 70 AD)  Pleased the Roman people instead of returning soldiers.  Constructed in the heart of Rome at the city centre, unlike many other amphitheatres.  Over 9,000 wild animals were killed in the inaugural games.

5 Uses of the Colosseum  Used to host gladiatorial shows as well as a variety of other events.  Shows (munera): given by private individuals  Demonstration of power and prestige  Immensely popular  Animal Hunts (venatio):  Hunting wild beasts imported from Africa and the Middle East  Recreations of Nature scenes (sylvae):  Nature scenes such as forests were replicated with real animals and plants.  Used to display natural environment for urban population, or as a backdrop for hunts and dramas.

6 Damage  In 217 AD the Colosseum was damaged in a major fire which destroyed its upper levels.  Was not fully repaired until 240 AD, and continued to suffer damage from other natural disasters such as earthquakes.  Used throughout the centuries despite its age.

7 The Colosseum Today

8 The Colosseum in Ancient Times

9 Bibliography       


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