Presentation on theme: "THE COLOSSEUM (AMPHITHEATRUM FLAVIUM) By Chad Yip"— Presentation transcript:
THE COLOSSEUM (AMPHITHEATRUM FLAVIUM) By Chad Yip
Location Rome Located in the region IV: Templum Pacis (Temple of Peace) _di_Roma.svg/375px-Municipi_di_Roma.svg.png
Origins of the Colosseum Built: AD Built by Vespasian, but completed under his son Titus. Funded by the spoils taken from the Jewish Temple after the Siege of Jerusalem. Colosseum was to be the showpiece of the new Flavian dynasty of Vespasian and his sons. Site was chosen because it was a flat area between the Caelian, Esquiline, and Palatine Hills.
Importance The Colosseum can be interpreted as a great triumphal monument in the tradition of celebrating victories. (over Great Jewish Revolt in 70 AD) Pleased the Roman people instead of returning soldiers. Constructed in the heart of Rome at the city centre, unlike many other amphitheatres. Over 9,000 wild animals were killed in the inaugural games.
Uses of the Colosseum Used to host gladiatorial shows as well as a variety of other events. Shows (munera): given by private individuals Demonstration of power and prestige Immensely popular Animal Hunts (venatio): Hunting wild beasts imported from Africa and the Middle East Recreations of Nature scenes (sylvae): Nature scenes such as forests were replicated with real animals and plants. Used to display natural environment for urban population, or as a backdrop for hunts and dramas.
Damage In 217 AD the Colosseum was damaged in a major fire which destroyed its upper levels. Was not fully repaired until 240 AD, and continued to suffer damage from other natural disasters such as earthquakes. Used throughout the centuries despite its age.