Presentation on theme: "Things Fall Apart Colonialism/Imperialism"— Presentation transcript:
1 Things Fall Apart Colonialism/Imperialism 9G English23/04/09Ryan HongHannah ChoiJunwoo Ha
2 ColonialismExploitation of a stronger country over a weaker country – the weaker country’s resources are used to strengthen the stronger countryThe act of spreading influence (tradition, language, religion, culture, etc) to another region
3 Example #1 – British colonization over U.S. Great Britain wanted to colonize U.S.The British were sent to the U.S. to grow and retrieve cash crops and other resourcesBy doing so, Britain’s economy would have drastically improved
4 Example #2 – British colonization over Hong Kong Great Britain wanted to colonize Hong Kong, East AsiaThe British invaded China since they saw the country as a massive unused marketBritish set conquest for tea, opium, and south east Asian cuisines, etcAt the end of the conquest, British cultures and traditions were mixed into Hong Kong’s atmosphere
5 ImperialismThe practice of controlling and governing a dependent country, territory, or populationThe improvement of a country’s dominion and territory in generalThe act of gaining power through the expansion of borders into foreign lands
6 Example #1 – British African Imperialism British wanted to imperialize AfricaBritain wanted valuable resources such as oilCompetition grew between European countriesBritain’s economy improved after Africa was colonized
7 Example #2 – British Indian Imperialism Britain wanted to imperialize IndiaBritain aimed to gain resources and take control of vital trade routes throughout Asia
8 Colonialism in Nigeria Things Fall Apart is set in Nigeria. It follows the life of an Igbo tribe. The book shows the destruction of African cultures by European colonialism.
9 Colonialism in Nigeria Who colonized Nigeria? Britain colonized Nigeria. Nigeria is a country that was created by British colonialism.How long was Nigeria colonized for? About 110 years, from 1850 to 1960
10 Colonialism in Nigeria What did the British try to do? The British tried to convert beliefs of all people of Nigeria to Christianity. In order to give out orders easier, Britain divided Nigeria.How did Nigeria gain independence? They used their military might to force Nigeria to be one by the unification of the southern and northern protectorates of Nigeria, since they knew that the Britain was able to rule over them because of the system of division.
11 Colonialism in Nigeria Consequences Even though the British benefitted Nigeria in terms of health, agriculture, and education, British colonialism in Nigeria had negative impact on the Nigerian culture. They are still struggling to find their true identity, since the Nigerians were forced to believe that the western culture is the only true culture, during the colonialism. The British killed the Nigerian Monarchy, the Nigerian indigenous technology, even their culture.
12 Quote # 1Turning and turning in the widening gyre The falcon cannot hear the falconer; Things fall apart; the center cannot hold; Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world.
13 Quote AnalysisThis quote displays a negative image of the world in the novelThe continuously spinning gyre indicated a headache of confusionThe falcon cannot hear its owner which indicates confusion and a lack of identityThings start to fall apart and all hell is broken looseThis clearly describes the chaos in Nigeria during it’s colonization
14 Quote # 2“Does the white man understand our custom about land?” “How can he when he does not even speak our tongue? But he says that our customs are bad; and our own brothers who have taken up his religion also say that our customs are bad. How do you think we can fight when our own brothers have turned against us? The white man is very clever. He came quietly and peaceably with his religion. We were amused at his foolishness and allowed him to stay. Now he has won our brothers, and our clan can no longer act like one. He has put a knife on the things that held us together and we have fallen apart.”
15 Quote AnalysisOberika and Okonkwo discuss the arrival of the colonists and how the colonists know the Umofians customs without knowing their language.The colonists had converted the Umofians towards Christianity and thus they turned their backs on their own peopleThis shows that the colonists had used religion to neglect the clan members
16 Discussion Question # 1What do you think the Africans might have done to gain independence from the Europeans?
17 Possible AnswersThe Africans could have practiced non-violent methods of civil disobedience like Ghandi did during his reign.The Africans could have simply fought their way out of being colonized as they would have fought on their soil giving them a major advantage.
18 Discussion Question # 2How are colonialism and imperialism similar?
19 Possible AnswersBoth are actions which can improve a country’s economic and social statusBoth actions conquest regions
20 Discussion Question # 3What are the differences between colonialism and imperialism?
21 Possible AnswersImperialism is regarded as a policy in which an empire is expanded over foreign regions to improve it’s dominionColonialism is the act of conquest while spreading influence (tradition, language, religion, etc) and exploiting resources from foreign areas