Presentation on theme: "A Nation Built on Compromise: The Constitutional Convention"— Presentation transcript:
1A Nation Built on Compromise: The Constitutional Convention Who Were The Delegates?The IssuesCompromises
2The Constitutional Convention, 1787 55 delegates attended but on a typical day 35 were present29 held college degrees34 were lawyers24 served in the Continental Congress21 were military officers of the American RevolutionWashington was elected president of the convention based on his integrity and past service to the colonies.
3The Constitutional Convention, 1787 Most delegates considered themselves as merchants or slave ownersSmall farmers, free African-Americans, women, or Native Americans are not presentWhat does this painting show about the delegates at the convention?
4The Virginia Plan Proposed a three branch government The legislature branch would write the laws.The executive branch would enforce the laws.The judicial branch would interpret the laws.The legislative branch would have a bicameral legislature and representatives would be based on a states population.The legislature would appoint the executive and the judiciary. It would also settle disputes between states.
5The New Jersey Plan (small states) The legislature would have a unicameral house to guard against large states having to much power.Each state would have one vote.This plan sought to stay as close to the Articles of Confederation as possible.
6What were they thinking? Alexander Hamilton proposes that members of the executive branch serve for lifeLuther Martin suggested that states should be even more powerful than the national government
7The Architects of Compromise Edmund Randolph proposed the Virginia Plan.Roger Sherman proposed the Great Compromise.
8The Great Compromise (Connecticut Plan) The legislature would be bicameral.The Senate would give each state equal representation.The House of Representatives would be based on state populations.Terms of office would be outlined.An electoral college of all representatives and senators would choose the president.
9Three-Fifths Compromise Slaves would be counted toward political representation and would also be counted when states were taxed.The slave trade was to be allowed for the next 20 years
10The road to debateOn September 17, delegates sign the U.S. ConstitutionIt had been done in secret and was a new written documentOnly white property owning males would have a say in the ratification of the Constitution.