Presentation on theme: "The Constitutional Convention Annapolis Convention: George Washington and others called for a meeting to discuss the “state of the union” The Articles."— Presentation transcript:
The Constitutional Convention Annapolis Convention: George Washington and others called for a meeting to discuss the “state of the union” The Articles of Confederation were not working…..problems They agreed to meet and “revise” the Articles.
The Convention Philadelphia May of 1787, They met all summer---17 weeks Their intention was to “fix “ the articles They found they were too far gone and had to be rewritten. Presided over by Madison, Jefferson & Washington Secret Meetings
Delegates Discussed Humans are motivated by self-interest Economic Issues Balanced Interests Strengthen the National Government “power belongs to the people” Power needs to be checked. A minority could not tyrannize a majority How could/should it work? How could get it ratified?
Conflict and Compromise The Virginia Plan May 30 th 1787 “The Randolph Plan” Edmund Plan Bicameral House Lower House according to population Upper House elected by the Lower House Both Houses would elect the Executive and The Judiciary Concept of Checks and Balances Small States Objected
More! The New Jersey Plan----The Small State Plan William Patterson Proposed as a counter proposal the Va. Plan. Unicameral Legislature Legislature to appoint: The Executive and the High Court. Congress had the power to TAX and regulate COMMERCE. Decisions by the High Court would be Supreme Law if the two branches conflicted.
Still More! 3/5ths Compromise---division of North And South. What were slaves? Division of Powers DELEGATED POWERS RESERVED POWERS Slave Trade Compromise
The Bundle of Compromises Roger Sherman of Connecticut proposed a meshing of the VA and NJ PLANS. (Conn. Plan) 2 House Legislature---upper house 2 per state and lower house base on population 3/5 th Compromise 3 Branches all equal and separate w/ ability to check each other. The Compromises………………………..led to arguments!!!!!!!!
Ratification Sept Constitution was signed by 39 of 42 Delegates. National Debate Federalist Anti- Federalist Label Knowledge Federalist were…….. Federalist Papers
Allying the Critics fears Minority rights Factions Anti-Federalist Response Promise of a Bill of Rights Ratified June (last state Rhode Island May )