Presentation on theme: "As the meeting of Philadelphia Gentlemen Plan a Union."— Presentation transcript:
As the meeting of Philadelphia Gentlemen Plan a Union
3 Branches Legislative, Executive, Judicial Bicameral Legislature Lower House (proportional representation, direct popular election, 3 year terms) Upper House (members chosen by lower house, 7 year terms) Legislative Supremacy-Leg. Can nullify laws of states Executive chosen by legislature Executive with veto authority, serving 1 seven year term Judiciary appointed by Legislature, serves for life tenure
New Jersey Plan 3 branches of government Unicameral Legislature Has power to tax States represented equally in legislature Plural Executive chosen by legislature, serves 1 fixed term Judiciary appointed by executive Judiciary serves life tenure
A BUNDLE OF COMPROMISES A BUNDLE OF COMPROMISES Several compromises were reached at the Philadelphia Convention The main questions were: How would representation be determined in the Legislature? How would the executive be chosen? Should slaves count in any measure of population? How should we address the issue of slavery?
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES SENATE Representation based on population Members chosen through direct popular election Each state equally represented Members chosen by state legislatures
Electoral College Each state chooses representatives to the Electoral College Number of reps each state gets = the # of reps plus the # of senators a state has Candidate must win majority of electoral votes to win Presidency
3/5 Compromise declared that slaves should count as 3/5 of a person when determining population
Article 1, Section 9 of the Constitution prohibited Congress from banning slavery prior to 1808
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