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Forming the Constitutions 1781-1787. Take Five What does this image have to do with explaining the U.S. Constitution? What does this image have to do.

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Presentation on theme: "Forming the Constitutions 1781-1787. Take Five What does this image have to do with explaining the U.S. Constitution? What does this image have to do."— Presentation transcript:

1 Forming the Constitutions

2 Take Five What does this image have to do with explaining the U.S. Constitution? What does this image have to do with explaining the U.S. Constitution?

3 A system of checks and balances Executive branch Electoral college Veto Legislative branch House of Representatives Senate Supreme Court A living document

4 Electoral College

5 Great Compromise

6 Large States v Small States Virginia Plan (Edmund Randolph) v Virginia Plan (Edmund Randolph) v New Jersey Plan (William Paterson) New Jersey Plan (William Paterson) Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise) Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise) Roger Sherman Roger Sherman Roger Sherman

7 The VA Plan The Virginia Plan The Virginia Plan Branches Branches Three - legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislature was more powerful, as it chose people to serve in the executive and judicial branches. Three - legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislature was more powerful, as it chose people to serve in the executive and judicial branches. Legislature Legislature Two houses (bicameral). The House of Representatives was elected by the people and the Senate was elected by the state legislatures. Both were represented proportionally. Two houses (bicameral). The House of Representatives was elected by the people and the Senate was elected by the state legislatures. Both were represented proportionally. Other Powers Other Powers The legislature could regulate interstate trade, strike down laws deemed unconstitutional and use armed forces to enforce laws. The legislature could regulate interstate trade, strike down laws deemed unconstitutional and use armed forces to enforce laws.

8 The NJ Plan The New Jersey Plan The New Jersey Plan Branches Branches Three - legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislature appoints people to serve in the executive branch, and the executive branch selects the justices of the Supreme Court. Three - legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislature appoints people to serve in the executive branch, and the executive branch selects the justices of the Supreme Court. Legislature Legislature One house (unicameral). States would be represented equally, so all states had the same power. One house (unicameral). States would be represented equally, so all states had the same power. Other Powers Other Powers The national government could levy taxes and import duties, regulate trade, and state laws would be subordinate to laws passed by the national legislature. The national government could levy taxes and import duties, regulate trade, and state laws would be subordinate to laws passed by the national legislature.

9 The Great Compromise (The Connecticut Compromise) Debate over Large States v Small States Debate over Large States v Small States A Bicameral Legislature A Bicameral Legislature Each state would have a number of delegates based on population as members of the House of Representatives (large states favored) Each state would have a number of delegates based on population as members of the House of Representatives (large states favored) Each state would have 2 delegates regardless of size as members of the Senate (small states favored) Each state would have 2 delegates regardless of size as members of the Senate (small states favored)


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