How to label your Jackson Foldable Each flap will have a title… 2.03/2.04: Andrew Jackson Election of Andrew Jackson Jackson & Native Americans Jackson & States’ Rights Legacy of Andrew Jackson Cartoon: King Andrew the 1 st
Election of 1824 HOR decides winner & selects John Q. Adams as President Jackson calls the election a “Corrupt Bargain” because of a deal between Henry Clay & John Adams… Henry Clay convinced the HOR to vote in Adams as President…then, Adams made Clay Sec. of State Something’s fishy!!!
“Jacksonian Democrats” Formed by supporters of Jackson who left the Dem- Rep. party after the corrupt election of 1824
Election of 1828 Candidates John Q. Adams Andrew Jackson Results: Jackson won by a large majority – mainly due the large number of commoners voting!! Jackson appealed to commoners
“Old Hickory” Jackson’s nickname… Came from the War of 1812 & the Battle of New Orleans
Age of the Common Man The Spoils System Jackson appoints friends & loyal party supporters to gov’t jobs Kitchen Cabinet: Nickname of Jackson's "spoiled" cabinet They had to enter & leave the White House through the kitchen doors!!
5 Civilized Tribes 5 SE tribes that adopted European/white culture Sequoya: Developed the Cherokee alphabet “talking leaves”
Native American Relations Assimilate: Forcing Native Americans to give up traditions & culture to become more like white people Indian Removal Act of 1830: Fed. Gov't. made treaties with Native American tribes to remove them from their tribal land
Native American Relations (Cont’d) One court case: Worcester vs. Georgia: Supreme Court ruled that Georgia had NO authority to remove the Cherokee from their land! Jackson ignored ruling & forced Native Americans to move anyway “John Marshall made his decision, now let him enforce it!” – Jackson’s response to John Marshall’s ruling in Worcester v Georgia.
Trail of Tears Route Native Americans from Georgia to Oklahoma due to being removed from their tribal land Forced removal
Supreme Court & Jackson The court disliked Jackson’s removal policies because it went against their ruling in Worcester v Georgia!
Tariff of Abominations Name Southerners gave the protective tariffs Tariffs only benefited the North North getting rich at the expense of the South
Hayne-Webster Debate Senate debates over the power of the Federal Gov’t. & the power of the State Gov’ts. Hayne: From SC & supported States’ Rights Webster: From MA & supported Federal authority
John C. Calhoun Jackson’s VP who supported States’ Rights Jackson & Calhoun have a falling out over the issue – Calhoun resigns in 1832
Nullification Proposed by Calhoun States have the rights to reject Federal Laws & the US Constitution
South Carolina Declared tariffs unconstitutional & threatened to leave the Union Force Bill: Jackson threatens to send the military to force SC to pay tariffs.
Bank of the United States Nicholas Biddle: President of the Bank of the US who favored the elite & rich over common people
Bank of the United States (Cont’d) Jackson disliked the Bank & Biddle. Why? He believed the Bank: 1.Aided the rich merchants, manufacturers & bankers at the expense of common man 2.Power was concentrated in the hands of a few 3.The bank had too much economic & political influence
Pet Banks State banks that are loyal to the Democratic Party End to the Bank controversy: Jackson put money into these banks in an effort to "kill" the National Bank Jackson withdrew gov’t funds from the Bank & put them in “pet banks” Charter ran out in 1836 Specie Circular: Only gold & silver coins will be used to buy land from the Federal Gov’t. Response to Pet Banks printing worthless money!
Consequences of Jackson’s Presidency Created a very strong Executive Branch Whigs: Political party created to oppose Jackson & an overly powerful President
1840 Election Whig Candidate: William H. Harrison (1812 War Hero) Tippecanoe & Tyler, Too!! Harrison’s campaign slogan. Harrisons dies within 1 month of taking office & Tyler becomes President.
Conclusion Average citizen becomes more involved in politics & elections Regional differences continue to divide the nation
Veto Power Presidential authority to reject a bill proposed by Congress How did Jackson use it? Used it to resist federal activity as much as possible Killed the Bank of the US