8How to label your Jackson Foldable Each flap will have a title…2.03/2.04: Andrew JacksonElection of Andrew JacksonJackson & Native AmericansJackson & States’ RightsLegacy of Andrew JacksonCartoon: King Andrew the 1st
9Election of 1824HOR decides winner & selects John Q. Adams as PresidentJackson calls the election a “Corrupt Bargain” because of a dealbetween Henry Clay &John Adams…Henry Clay convinced the HOR to vote in Adams as President…then, Adams made Clay Sec. of StateSomething’s fishy!!!
10“Jacksonian Democrats” Formed by supporters of Jackson who left the Dem-Rep. party after the corrupt election of 1824
11Election of 1828 Candidates John Q. Adams Andrew Jackson Results: Jackson won by a large majority – mainly due the large number of commoners voting!!Jackson appealed to commoners
12“Old Hickory” Jackson’s nickname… Came from the War of 1812 & the Battle of New Orleans
13Age of the Common Man The Spoils System Jackson appoints friends & loyal party supporters to gov’t jobsKitchen Cabinet: Nickname of Jackson's "spoiled" cabinetThey had to enter & leave the White House through the kitchen doors!!
145 Civilized Tribes 5 SE tribes that adopted European/white culture Sequoya: Developed the Cherokee alphabet “talking leaves”
15Native American Relations Assimilate:Forcing Native Americans to give up traditions & culture to become more like white peopleIndian Removal Act of 1830: Fed. Gov't. made treaties with Native American tribes to remove them from their tribal land
16Native American Relations (Cont’d) One court case:Worcester vs. Georgia: Supreme Court ruled that Georgia had NO authority to remove the Cherokee from their land!Jackson ignored ruling & forced Native Americans to move anyway“John Marshall made his decision, now let him enforce it!” – Jackson’s response to John Marshall’s ruling in Worcester v Georgia.
17Trail of TearsRoute Native Americans from Georgia to Oklahoma due to being removed from their tribal landForced removal
19Supreme Court & Jackson The court disliked Jackson’s removal policies because it went against their ruling in Worcester v Georgia!
20Tariff of Abominations Name Southerners gave the protective tariffsTariffs only benefited the NorthNorth getting rich at the expense of the South
21Hayne-Webster DebateSenate debates over the power of the Federal Gov’t. & the power of the State Gov’ts.Hayne: From SC & supported States’ RightsWebster: From MA & supported Federal authority
22John C. Calhoun Jackson’s VP who supported States’ Rights Jackson & Calhoun have a falling out over the issue – Calhoun resigns in 1832
23Nullification Proposed by Calhoun States have the rights to reject Federal Laws & the US Constitution
24South CarolinaDeclared tariffs unconstitutional & threatened to leave the UnionForce Bill: Jackson threatens to send the military to force SC to pay tariffs.
25Bank of the United States Nicholas Biddle:President of the Bank of the US who favored the elite & rich over common people
26Bank of the United States (Cont’d) Jackson disliked the Bank & Biddle. Why?He believed the Bank:Aided the rich merchants, manufacturers & bankers at the expense of common manPower was concentrated in the hands of a fewThe bank had too much economic & political influence
27Pet Banks State banks that are loyal to the Democratic Party End to the Bank controversy:Jackson put money into these banks in an effort to "kill" the National BankJackson withdrew gov’t funds from the Bank & put them in “pet banks”Charter ran out in 1836Specie Circular: Only gold & silver coins will be used to buy land from the Federal Gov’t.Response to Pet Banks printing worthless money!
28Consequences of Jackson’s Presidency Created a very strong Executive BranchWhigs: Political party created to oppose Jackson & an overly powerful President
291840 Election Whig Candidate: William H. Harrison (1812 War Hero)Tippecanoe & Tyler, Too!! Harrison’s campaign slogan.Harrisons dies within 1 month of taking office & Tyler becomes President.
30ConclusionAverage citizen becomes more involved in politics & electionsRegional differences continue to divide the nation
31Veto PowerPresidential authority to reject a bill proposed by CongressHow did Jackson use it?Used it to resist federalactivity as much as possibleKilled the Bank of the US